The Indian Journal of Pediatrics

, Volume 77, Issue 3, pp 301–305 | Cite as

Nutrition and child survival in India

Symposium on Child Survival in India: Part I

Abstract

India recognized the importance of improving the health and nutritional status of children, and initiated steps to improve access to nutrition and health services soon after independence. Over the years, the infrastructure and human resources for manning the health and nutrition services have been built up and currently cover the entire country. However these are inadequacies in terms of content and quality of services and undernutrition rates and under five morality rates continue to be high. Undernutrition begins in utero, and with low birthweight, effective antenatal care can help in reducing low birth weight. The poor infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices, repeated morbidity due to infections and poor utilization of health and nutrition services are other causes of undernutrition in children in India. The key intervention to prevent undernutrition is nutritional and health education through all modes of communication, to bring about is a behavioral change towards appropriate IYCF and utilization of health care. Appropriate convergence and synergy between health and nutrition functionaries can play a major role in early detection and effective management of both undernutrition and infections, accelerate the pace of reduction in both undernutrition and under five mortality and enable India to reach Millennium Development Goals.

Keywords

Undernutrition Under five mortality Millennium development goals Child Survival India 

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Copyright information

© Dr. K C Chaudhuri Foundation 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Nutrition Foundation of IndiaNew DelhiIndia
  2. 2.Nutrition Foundation of IndiaNew DelhiIndia

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