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The Indian Journal of Pediatrics

, Volume 77, Issue 1, pp 81–85 | Cite as

Pediatric obstructive sleep apnea

  • Bantu S. Chhangani
  • Thomas Melgar
  • Dilip PatelEmail author
Special Article

Abstract

For over 100 years obstructive sleep apnea has been recognized as a clinical entity in adults and more recently in children. A comprehensive review of the literature of pediatric obstructive sleep apnea was conducted using a PubMed search for original research articles. Bibliographies of these articles were reviewed for additional relevant articles not identified by the initial PubMed search. This article reviews the epidemiology, pathogenesis and risk factors, clinical features, diagnostic evaluation and treatment of obstructive sleep apnea in children. All physicians who provide care for children should be aware of the unique features of obstructive sleep apnea in children and the appropriate management.

Key words

Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome Sleep apnea Airway obstruction Polysomnography Sleep studies 

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Copyright information

© Dr. K C Chaudhuri Foundation 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bantu S. Chhangani
  • Thomas Melgar
    • 1
    • 2
  • Dilip Patel
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Bronson Center for Sleep StudiesPawUSA
  2. 2.Departments of Internal Medicine and Pediatrics and Human DevelopmentMichigan State University/Kalamazoo Center for Medical StudiesKalamazooUSA
  3. 3.Department of Pediatrics and Human DevelopmentMichigan State University/Kalamazoo Center for Medical StudiesKalamazooUSA

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