Advertisement

Prevalence of goitre among school children in Belgaum district

  • Ramachandra KamathEmail author
  • V. Bhat
  • R.S.P. Rao
  • D. Acharya
  • U. Kapil
  • M. S. Kotian
  • D. S. Nayak
Original Article

Abstract

Objective

A school survey was conducted to estimate the prevalence of goitre among schoolchildren in Belgaum district.

Methods

A cross-sectional study was conducted in primary, middle and high schools of villages selected. All the children of the selected schools were examined for the presence of goitre and the salt samples obtained from their homes were tested for iodine content.

Results

Overall prevalence of goitre was 16.7%. Prevalence of palpable goitre was 16.4 % and visible goitre was very low (0.3%). Higher prevalence was found among females (21.1%) when compared to that of male children (12.8 %). Prevalence of goitre increased significantly with advancement of age until 16-yr. 72.1 % children were consuming rock salt and only 27.9 % were consuming powdered salt at their homes. Estimation of Iodine content in the salt samples showed that 68.7 % of the sample had inadequate iodine content. Prevalence of goitre was significantly high among children who consumed rock salt (16.2%) as compared to those who used powdered salt (11%)

Conclusion

Strict implementation of salt codization and marketing in rural area is desired. Also health education programme be showed.

Key words

Goitre prevalence Spot testing kits Iodine deficiency Iodized salt 

References

  1. 1.
    Trace elements in human nutrition and health. Prepared in collaboration with food and agriculture organization of the United Nations & the International Atomic Energy Agency, WHO, WHO Publication, 1996.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    National Iodine Deficiency Disorders Control Program: National Health Program Series 5. Published by Department of Communication, National Institute of Health and Family Welfare, New Delhi, 2003; 99.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    WHO, UNICEF, ICCIDD. Indicator of assessing iodine deficiency disorders and their control through salt iodization. Geneva: World Health Organization, 1994 (WHO/NUT /94.6).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Kapil U, Singh P, Pathak P, Singh C. Assessment of Iodine Deficiency Disorders in district Bharatpur, Rajasthan. Indian Pediatr 2003; 40:147–149.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Kapil U, Ramachandran S, Tandon M. Assessment of iodine deficiency in Pondicherry. Indian Pediatr 1998; 35: 357–359.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    El-Sayed NA, Mahfouz AA, Nofal L, Ismail HM, Gad A, Abu Zeid H. Iodine deficiency disorders among school children in upper Egypt: an epidemiologic study. J Trop Pediatr 1998; 44: 270–274.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Pandav CS, Mallik A, Anand K, Pandav S, Karmarkar MG. Prevalence of iodine deficiency disorders among school children of Delhi. Natl Med J India 1997; 10: 112–114.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Kapil U, Singh J, Prakash R, Sundaresan S, Ramachandran S, Tandon M. Assessment of iodine deficiency in selected blocks of east and west Champaran districts of Bihar. Indian Pediatr 1997; 34: 1087–1091.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Agarwal KD, Agarwal KN. Current status of endemic goitre control programme in India-measures to eradicate by 2000 AD. Indian J Community Med 1986; 11: 207–222.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Joshi DC, Mishra VN, Bhatnagar M, Singh RB, Garg SK, Chopra H. Socioeconomic factors and prevalence of endemic goiter. Indian J Public Health 1993; 37: 48–53.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Goitre cell, Bureau of Nutrition, Directorate of Health and Family Welfare Services. Goitre prevalence in Karnataka —A baseline survey. Bangalore, 1988–91.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Rao RSP, Kamath R, Das A, Nair NS, Keshavamurthy. Prevalence of goiter among school children in coastal Karnataka. Indian J Pediatr 2002; 69: 477–479.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Mallik AK, Pandav CS, Achar DP, Anand K, Karmakar MG, Nath LM. Iodine deficiency disorder in Car Nicobar (Andaman and Nicobar Islands).Natl Med J India 1998; 11: 9–11.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Mohaptra SS, Bulliyya G, Karketta AS, Marai NS, Acharya AS. Iodine deficiency disorders in Bargarh District of Western Orissa. Indian Pediatr 2000; 37: 536–539.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Kapil U, Ramachandran S, Saxena N, Nayar D. Iodine content of salt in district Palghat, Kerala. Indian J Community Health 1997; 3: 106–108Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Kapil U, Saxena N, Ramachandran S, Sharma TD, Nayar D. Status of iodine deficiency in selected blocks of Kangra District, Himachal Pradesh. Indian Pediatr 1997; 34: 338–340.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Sohal S, Sharma TD, Kapil U, Tandon M. Assessment of iodine deficiency disorders in district Hamirpur, Himachal Pradesh. Indian Pediatr 1998; 35: 1008–1011.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Svensson J, Ericsson UB, Nilsson P, Olsson C, Jonsson B, Lindberg B et al. Levothyroxine treatment reduces thyroid size in children and adolescents with chronic autoimmune thyroiditis. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2006; 91: 1729–1734.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Dr. K C Chaudhuri Foundation 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ramachandra Kamath
    • 1
    • 4
    Email author
  • V. Bhat
    • 1
  • R.S.P. Rao
    • 1
  • D. Acharya
    • 1
  • U. Kapil
    • 2
  • M. S. Kotian
    • 3
  • D. S. Nayak
    • 1
  1. 1.Deptartment of Community MedicineK.M.C ManipalDelhiIndia
  2. 2.Department of Human NutritionAll India Institute of Medical SciencesNew DelhiIndia
  3. 3.Department of Community MedicineK.M.C MangaloreMangaloreIndia
  4. 4.Department of Community MedicineKasturba Medical CollegeManipal Madhav Nagar, Manipal, Udupi DistrictIndia

Personalised recommendations