Prevalence, correlates of and perceptions toward cigarette smoking among adolescents in South Korea

  • Emmanuel Rudatsikira
  • Adamson S. Muula
  • Seter Siziya
Original Article

Abstract

Objective

To estimate the prevalence of current smoking, correlates of smoking and assess exposure to and perceptions towards smoking by gender.

Methods

We used data from the South Korea Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS). Frequencies of selected characteristics and their 95% confidence were obtained. Current cigarette smoking was defined as having smoked, even a single puff, within the last 30 days. Logistic regression analysis was conducted to assess the factors that were considered to be associated with current cigarette smoking in bivariate and multivariate analyses.

Results

Of the 5615 respondents, 7.4% males and 5.0% females reported being current smokers (p = 0.003). Having smoking friends was strongly associated with smoking after controlling for age, gender, parental smoking status, exposure to anti-smoking media messages, and perception of risks of smoking (OR=69.92; 95% CI [41.24, 118.57] for most friends and OR=11.86; 95% CI [7.26, 19.36] for some friends). Male gender and having one or both smoking parents were associated with smoking (OR=1.43; 95% CI [1.09, 1.89] and OR=1.29; 95% CI [1.00-, 1.71] respectively). Exposure to antismoking media messages was negatively associated with smoking (OR=0.52; 95% CI [0.36, 0.77].

Conclusion

Prevalence of smoking among adolescents in South Korea is lower than in many other Asian countries. There is however, need to strengthen anti-tobacco messages especially among adolescents.

Key words

Adolescents Cigarettes Smoking Tobacco South Korea 

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Copyright information

© Dr. K C Chaudhuri Foundation 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Emmanuel Rudatsikira
    • 1
  • Adamson S. Muula
    • 2
  • Seter Siziya
    • 3
  1. 1.Departments of Biostatistics and Epidemiology and Global HealthLoma Linda University, School of Public HealthLoma LindaUSA
  2. 2.Department of Community HealthUniversity of Malawi, College of MedicineBlantyreMalawi
  3. 3.Department of Community MedicineUniversity of Zambia, School of MedicineLusakaZambia

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