Impact of mass supplementation of Vitamin A
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- Swami, H.M., Thakur, J.S. & Bhatia, S.P.S. Indian J Pediatr (2007) 74: 443. doi:10.1007/s12098-007-0074-2
To study the impact of mass supplementation of Vitamin A solution on morbidity due to diarrhea, Acute respiratory infection (ARI) and xerophthalmia.
The two rounds of age specific mass distribution of Vitamin A solution were undertaken during January 2000 and December 2000 respectively covering 27642 (98.7%) and 31762 (88.0%) children respectively out of total beneficiaries in two round of PPI in Chandigarh. A random sample of 276 children from intervention area and 252 children from control area in the age group of 1–5 yr were followed up on monthly basis for morbidity pattern for a period of nine mth. The morbidity pattern for intervention and control area children was compared to see the impact of mass supplementation of Vitamin A solution.
The average annual episodes of diarrhea in intervention children were lower (3.9 per yr) as compared to control children (5.2 per yr) although difference was not statistically significant (P>0.05) except in initial month. The average annual episodes of ARI in intervention children were lower (5.1 per yr) as compared to Control children (6.0 per yr) although difference was not significant (P>0.05) except in initial first mth. There was significant decline in vitamin A deficiency (VAD) as no case of Bitot’s spot was found in intervention children as compared to control children where the prevalence of Bitot’s spot ranged from 4.3–5.08% during different visits. The mortality rate was found to be higher in control children with a death rate of 8 per 1000 children during the study period as compared to intervention children where no death was recorded.
It is concluded that mass supplementation of vitamin A led to significant reduction in xerophthalmia and decline in mortality in the intervention area as compared to control area.