Considering the recent publication of the results of several clinical trials for metastatic clear cell renal cell carcinoma (mRCC), we performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized studies comparing standard first-line VEGFR-targeted therapy to immune checkpoint inhibitors-based combinations for mRCC patients.
3960 patients from 5 randomized clinical trials where available for evaluation.
In the all-comers population, immunotherapy-based combinations were able to decrease the risk of death over the standard of care by 26% (HR 0.74; 95% CI 0.60–0.92; p = 0.006), to decrease the risk of progression by 21% (HR 0.79; 95% CI 0.72–0.86; p < 0.00001), and to increase the relative risk of response by 40% (HR 1.40; 95% CI 1.11–1.77; p = 0.006). For poor/intermediate-risk patients, the risk of death is decreased by 41% and the risk of progression by 27%.
The benefit of immunotherapy-based combinations in mRCC patients is independent from the IMDC risk group, but it is stronger for poor/intermediate-risk patients.
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Conflict of interest
Dr. Bersanelli received research funding by Roche, Pfizer, Seqirus, AstraZeneca, Bristol-Myers Squibb, Novartis, and Sanofi; she also received honoraria for advisory role and as speaker at scientific events by Bristol-Myers Squibb, Novartis, and Pfizer. Dr. Buti received honoraria for advisory role and as speaker at scientific events by Bristol-Myers Squibb, Novartis, IPSEN, and AstraZeneca. All other authors have no conflict of interest to declare.
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Buti, S., Petrelli, F., Ghidini, A. et al. Immunotherapy-based combinations versus standard first-line treatment for metastatic clear cell renal cell carcinoma: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Clin Transl Oncol 22, 1657–1663 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12094-020-02292-z
- Renal cell carcinoma
- Immune checkpoint inhibitors
- First-line treatment
- Tyrosine kinase inhibitors