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Relation between sarcopenia and dose-limiting toxicity in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer who received regorafenib

  • A. GökyerEmail author
  • A. Küçükarda
  • O. Köstek
  • M. B. Hacıoğlu
  • B. S. Sunal
  • N. C. Demircan
  • S. Uzunoğlu
  • S. Solak
  • K. İşsever
  • İ. Çiçin
  • B. Erdoğan
Research Article
  • 9 Downloads

Abstract

Background

Sarcopenia is related to poor prognosis and drug toxicities in solid tumors. The aim of our study is to investigate the predisposition of patients with metastatic colorectal carcinoma who started regorafenib treatment to sarcopenia and prolonged survival.

Methods

Patients with metastatic colorectal carcinoma who receives regorafenib were search retrospectively. Dose-limiting toxicity was defined as dose reduction or toxicity requiring drug withdrawal. Sarcopenia evaluation was made with computed tomography performed within a month before treatment. Progression-free survival and overall survival were estimated.

Results

Thirty-six patients were found as suitable for the study. 63.9% of patients were found as basally sarcopenic. Dose-limiting toxicity occured 13 of 23 patients (56.5%) with basal sarcopenia, whereas only 1 of 13 patients (7.6%) with no sarcopenia exhibited dose-limiting toxicity (p = 0.005). Three patients suffered from grade 3–4 toxicity. Hand–foot syndrome, hypertension, and mucosal rash were the most seen side effects. Mean regorafenib treatment duration was 3.36 months. There was no significant difference in the progression-free survival (PFS) and the overall survival (OS) between sarcopenic patients and patients with no sarcopenia. Durations were as OS 24.2 weeks in patients with sarcopenia (95% CI 16.7–31.7), 28.1 weeks in patients with no sarcopenia (95% CI 20.5–35.7) (p = 0.36), and as PFS 14.2 weeks in patients with sarcopenia (95% CI 12.1–16.4), 14.8 weeks in patients with no sarcopenia (95% CI 9.7–20.1) (p = 0.65).

Conclusion

Dose-limiting toxicity was significantly higher in basally sarcopenic patients who were started regorafenib as treatment of metastatic colorectal carcinoma. There was no significant relationship between overall survival and progression-free survival with sarcopenia.

Keywords

Skeletal muscle area Regorafenib Dose-limiting toxicity Colorectal cancer 

Notes

Funding

There is no financial support in this study

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

All authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed consent

For this type of study, formal consent is not required.

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Copyright information

© Federación de Sociedades Españolas de Oncología (FESEO) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Medical Oncology, Department of Internal MedicineTrakya University School of MedicineEdirneTurkey
  2. 2.Department of RadiologyTrakya University School of MedicineEdirneTurkey
  3. 3.Department of Internal MedicineSakarya University School of MedicineSakaryaTurkey

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