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Clinical and Translational Oncology

, Volume 20, Issue 11, pp 1373–1384 | Cite as

Cutaneous toxicities of new treatments for melanoma

  • A. Boada
  • C. Carrera
  • S. Segura
  • H. Collgros
  • P. Pasquali
  • D. Bodet
  • S. Puig
  • J. Malvehy
Review Article

Abstract

New drugs against advanced melanoma have emerged during last decade. Target therapy and immunotherapy have changed the management of patients with metastatic disease. Along with its generalized use, drug toxicities have appeared and the skin is the target organ of a significant part of them. This revision summarizes the most common side effects and consensus management to improve the compliance of therapies and patients’ quality of life. Among the BRAF inhibitors, main cutaneous side effects are photosensitivity, plantar hyperkeratosis, and the appearance of verrucal keratosis or squamous cell carcinoma. Special attention must be paid to the development of new primary melanomas or changes on nevi during BRAF inhibitor therapy. The most common cutaneous side effects of immunotherapy are rash, pruritus, and vitiligo. It remains controversial the possible role of these toxicities as markers of response to therapy.

Keywords

Melanoma Target therapy Immunotherapy Toxicity Nivolumab Pembrolizumab 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Disclosure of potential conflicts of interest

Dr. Aram Boada has received speaker honorarium from Roche, Novartis, and BMS. Dr. Susana Puig has been consultant of Amgen, ISDIN, La Roche Posay, Leo Pharma, Almirall, Piere Fabre, BMS, and has received research grants from Leo Pharma, Almirall, and Novartis. Dr. Josep Malvehy has been consultant of Amgen, Novartis, BMS, Glaxo, Piere Fabre, Merk, MSD, Sanofi, Sunpharma, Incyte, Almirall, Leo Pharma, ISDIN, and has received research grants from Amgen, Novartis, Roche, BMS, Glaxo, Pierre Fabre, Merk, MSD, Sanofi, Sunpharma, Incyte, Almirall, and Leo Pharma. The remaining authors have no conflict of interest to declare.

Ethical standards

The manuscript does not contain clinical studies or patient data.

Informed consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual for whom identifying pictures are included in this article.

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Copyright information

© Federación de Sociedades Españolas de Oncología (FESEO) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Dermatology Department, Hospital Universitari Germans Trias i PujolUniversitat Autònoma de BarcelonaBarcelonaSpain
  2. 2.Melanoma Unit, Dermatology Department, Hospital Clinic, Institut d’investigacions biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer (IDIBAPS), CIBERERUniversitat de BarcelonaBarcelonaSpain
  3. 3.Dermatology Department, Hospital del Mar, Parc de Salut MarFundació Institut Mar d’Investigacions MèdiquesBarcelonaSpain
  4. 4.Sydney Melanoma Diagnostic CentreRoyal Prince Alfred HospitalSidneyAustralia
  5. 5.Dermatology Department, Pius Hospital VallsInstitut d’Investigació Sanitària Pere Virgili VallsTarragonaSpain
  6. 6.Dermatology DepartmentHospital Universitari Vall d’Hebron, VHIRBarcelonaSpain

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