Metabolic syndrome is an independent prognostic factor for endometrial adenocarcinoma
- 211 Downloads
To study the association between metabolic syndrome (MS) and the prognosis of patients with endometrial adenocarcinoma.
A total of 385 patients with endometrial adenocarcinoma in the Department of Gynecologic Oncology, at the Zhejiang Cancer Hospital in China, between January 2001 and December 2008 were chosen. The deadline for the completion of follow-up was December 2013. The overall survival (OS) of the patients with MS was analyzed by the Kaplan–Meier method. Various clinical characteristics (e.g., clinical and surgical stage, vascular invasion, histological grade, tumor size, age at start of the first treatment, and lymphatic metastasis) related to the prognosis of endometrial adenocarcinoma were also evaluated.
A univariate analysis demonstrated that the OS rate of the patients with endometrial adenocarcinoma with MS was significantly worse than that of the patients without MS for all 385 patients (P = 0.001). Multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression analyses showed that stage (P = 0.001), lymphatic metastasis (P = 0.021), and MS (P = 0.049) were independent prognostic factors for endometrial adenocarcinoma. Furthermore, statistical analyses demonstrated that MS was closely related to stage (P = 0.021), grade (P = 0.022), vascular invasion (P = 0.044), tumor size (P = 0.035), and lymphatic metastasis (P = 0.014) but not with age at start of the first treatment (P = 0.188). Finally, according to the univariate analysis of the OS rate of 129 cases of endometrial adenocarcinoma with MS, stage (P = 0.001), vascular invasion (P = 0.049), tumor size >2 cm (P = 0.028), lymphatic metastasis (P = 0.002), and CA19-9 value >37 U/m (P = 0.002) all showed significantly low P values for OS.
Metabolic syndrome is an independent prognostic factor for endometrial adenocarcinoma.
KeywordsEndometrial adenocarcinoma Metabolic syndrome Prognosis
This work was supported by the Medical Science Project of Zhejiang Province (No. 2013KYB045).
Conflict of interest
All authors confirm that they have no conflicts of interest.
- 13.Alberti KG, Eckel RH, Grundy SM, Zimmet PZ, Cleeman JI, Donato KA, et al. International Diabetes Federation Task Force on Epidemiology and Prevention; National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute; American Heart Association; World Heart Federation; International Atherosclerosis Society; International Association for the Study of Obesity. Harmonizing the metabolic syndrome: a joint interim statement of the International Diabetes Federation Task Force on Epidemiology and Prevention; National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute; American Heart Association; World Heart Federation; International Atherosclerosis Society; and International Association for the Study of Obesity. Circulation. 2009;120(16):1640–5.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- 18.Cust AE, Kaaks R, Friedenreich C, Bonnet F, Laville M, Tjønneland A, et al. Metabolic syndrome, plasma lipid, lipoprotein and glucose levels, and endometrial cancer risk in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC). Endocr Relat Cancer. 2007;14(3):755–67.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar