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Clinical and Translational Oncology

, Volume 16, Issue 1, pp 18–28 | Cite as

Time trends of cancer incidence and mortality in Catalonia during 1993–2007

  • R. ClèriesEmail author
  • L. Esteban
  • J. Borràs
  • R. Marcos-Gragera
  • A. Freitas
  • M. Carulla
  • M. Buxó
  • A. Puigdefàbregas
  • Á. Izquierdo
  • R. Gispert
  • J. Galceran
  • J. Ribes
Special Article

Abstract

Purpose

To describe time trends of cancer in Catalonia, Spain, during the period 1993–2007.

Methods/patients

Data have been provided by two population-based cancer registries, Girona and Tarragona, and the Catalan mortality registry. Cancer incidence in Catalonia has been estimated through modeling methods using data from these health structures.

Results

During 2003–2007, there were 20,042 cancer cases and 9,842 deaths per year among men and 13,673 new cancer cases and 5,882 deaths among women. The most frequent incident cancers among men were prostate (N = 4,258), lung (N = 3,021), colorectal (N = 3,007) and bladder (N = 2,238), whereas among women they were breast (N = 3,907), colorectal (N = 2,088), corpus uteri (N = 734) and lung (N = 527). During 1993–2007, age-standardized incidence rates (ASIRs) rose 1.2 % per year among men [prostate (6.3 %), testis (5.7 %), kidney (2.9 %), liver (2.2 %) and colorectal (2.1 %)]. ASIRs decreased for stomach (−2.9 %), oral cavity and pharynx (−2.8 %), larynx (−2.7 %) and esophagus (−2 %). Among women, ASIRs only rose for lung (5.2 %), kidney (3.1 %), oral cavity and pharynx (2.6 %) and thyroid (1.6 %). ASIRs decreased for corpus uteri (−2.3 %), stomach (−1.7 %) and ovary (−1.6 %). Cancer mortality decreased −1.3 % per year among men and −2.1 % among women during the same period.

Conclusion

Among men, the decrease of incidence/mortality of tobacco-related tumors was related to a reduction of smoking prevalence. Among women, the stabilization of breast cancer incidence and the rise of lung cancer incidence are similar to that observed in most European regions. These results allow assessing the effectiveness of public health strategies and they pose new frontiers for cancer control in Catalonia.

Keywords

Cancer Incidence Mortality Time trends Modeling 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This study was conducted within the framework of the Spanish Cancer Research Network (Red Temática de Investigación Cooperativa en Cáncer-RTICC) of the Carlos III Health Institute (Instituto de Salud Carlos III). Grants with reference number RD12/0036/0056; RD06/0020/0095; RD 06/020/0089. This study was also conducted within the Research Group–Catalan Cancer Registry [SGR 2009-2013] from the Agència de Gestió d’Ajuts Universitaris i de Recerca–AGAUR of the Catalan Government.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest related to the publication of this manuscript.

Supplementary material

12094_2013_1060_MOESM1_ESM.doc (112 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOC 112 kb)

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Copyright information

© Federación de Sociedades Españolas de Oncología (FESEO) 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Clèries
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • L. Esteban
    • 1
  • J. Borràs
    • 3
    • 4
  • R. Marcos-Gragera
    • 5
    • 6
    • 7
  • A. Freitas
    • 8
  • M. Carulla
    • 3
  • M. Buxó
    • 5
    • 6
  • A. Puigdefàbregas
    • 8
  • Á. Izquierdo
    • 5
    • 6
  • R. Gispert
    • 8
  • J. Galceran
    • 3
  • J. Ribes
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Registre de Càncer de Catalunya, Pla Director d’Oncologia (GENCAT). IDIBELLHospital Duran i ReynalsBarcelonaSpain
  2. 2.Departament de Ciències ClíniquesUniversitat de BarcelonaBarcelonaSpain
  3. 3.Registre de Càncer de TarragonaFundació Lliga Per a la Investigació i Prevenció del CàncerReusSpain
  4. 4.Departament de Medicina i CirurgiaUniversitat Rovira i VirgiliReusSpain
  5. 5.Unitat d’Epidemiología i Registre de Càncer en Girona (UERCG)Institut d’Investigació Biomèdica Girona Josep Trueta (IDIBGI)GironaSpain
  6. 6.Institut Català d’Oncologia (ICO)GironaSpain
  7. 7.Departament d’InfermeriaUniversitat de Girona (UdG)GironaSpain
  8. 8.Departament de SalutServei d’Informació i Estudis (GENCAT)BarcelonaSpain

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