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Indian Journal of Microbiology

, Volume 59, Issue 1, pp 112–115 | Cite as

Evaluation of Probiotic Characteristics of Lactic Acid Bacteria Isolated from Two Commercial Preparations Available in Indian Market

  • Neelja Singhal
  • Nambaram Somendro Singh
  • Shilpa Mohanty
  • Pooja Singh
  • Jugsharan Singh VirdiEmail author
Short Communications
  • 80 Downloads

Abstract

The enormous health benefits associated with probiotics has resulted in an increased consumption of probiotic supplements. Several factors like regular sub-culturing, storage, unfavourable conditions etc. might compromise the efficacy and/or safety of lactic acid bacteria which are the major components of many probiotic preparations available in the market. The present study evaluated the probiotic characteristics and safety of probiotic bacteria isolated from two preparations available commercially in India. The products did not specify the genera, species or strains of the bacteria used. These were cultured using standard microbiological methods for cultivation of lactic acid bacteria. Bacteria were identified by PCR amplification and sequence analysis of 16S rRNA gene. Microbiological and molecular analyses revealed that both preparations contained homogenous population of Enterococcus faecium and Pediococcus acidilactici respectively. Assessment for several essential and desirable probiotic properties revealed that both the probiotic strains were safe and resistant to salt, lysozyme, bile salt and common antibiotics. The probiotic preparation containing P. acidilactici was better than that containing E. faecium as it survived in low pH and showed bile salt hydrolase activity. The probiotic preparation containing P. acidilactici also exhibited cholesterol-lowering activity.

Keywords

Cholesterol-lowering Commercial products Enterococcus faecium Pediococcus acidilactici Probiotics 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We thank Mr. Rajesh Kumar Mahto for technical help. NS is supported by Start up Research Grant for Young Scientists (SB/YS/LS-156/2014), Science and Engineering Research Board of Department of Science and Technology. NSS is supported by ICMR-SRF.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: NS, NSS, JSV. Performed the experiments: NS, SM, PS, NSS. Wrote the paper: NS, JSV.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that no competing interest exists.

Supplementary material

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Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 16 kb)
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Supplementary material 4 (DOCX 13 kb)

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Copyright information

© Association of Microbiologists of India 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Neelja Singhal
    • 1
  • Nambaram Somendro Singh
    • 1
  • Shilpa Mohanty
    • 1
  • Pooja Singh
    • 1
  • Jugsharan Singh Virdi
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of MicrobiologyUniversity of Delhi South CampusNew DelhiIndia

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