Theoretical Ecology

, Volume 2, Issue 1, pp 33–39

Imperfect optimal foraging and the paradox of enrichment

Original paper

DOI: 10.1007/s12080-008-0026-0

Cite this article as:
Mougi, A. & Nishimura, K. Theor Ecol (2009) 2: 33. doi:10.1007/s12080-008-0026-0


We show that the paradox of enrichment can be theoretically resolved in a flexible predator–prey system in which the predator practices imperfect optimal foraging. A previous study showed that perfect optimal foraging can mitigate increases in the amplitude of population oscillations associated with enrichment, but it did not show a stabilization pattern. Our results show that imperfect optimal foraging can stabilize the system and resolve the paradox of enrichment under nonequilibrium dynamics. Furthermore, the degree of stabilization with enrichment was stronger when the imperfection of optimal foraging was larger.


Paradox of enrichment Optimal foraging Flexibility Stabilization Predator–prey 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Graduate School of Fisheries SciencesHokkaido UniversityHakodateJapan
  2. 2.Department of BiologyKyushu UniversityFukuokaJapan

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