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Hepatocellular carcinoma and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease

  • Pegah Golabi
  • Logan Rhea
  • Linda Henry
  • Zobair M. YounossiEmail author
Review Article
  • 6 Downloads

Abstract

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is considered the most common liver disorder worldwide, affecting 25.2% of the general population. In fact, NAFLD is among the most common etiologies for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The burden of NAFLD is primarily driven by the epidemic of obesity and type 2 diabetes which are expected to worsen throughout the world. In this context, the burden of NAFLD and associated HCC and cirrhosis are also expected to increase. Despite its growing disease burden, diagnostic tools and treatment modalities remain very limited. This conundrum of increasing prevalence and limited treatment options will be reflected as increasing number of NAFLD-related cirrhosis and HCC cases. This article reviews the most updated information about NAFLD-related HCC and provides some insight into strategies that must be considered to reduce its potential disease burden.

Keywords

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis Cirrhosis Hepatocellular carcinoma Hepatitis C virus Hepatitis B virus 

Abbreviations

DM

Diabetes mellitus

HBV

Hepatitis B virus

HCC

Hepatocellular carcinoma

HCV

Hepatitis C virus

NAFLD

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease

NASH

Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis

PNPLA3

Patatin-like phospholipase domain containing 3

SNPs

Single-nucleotide polymorphisms

TM6SF2

Transmembrane 6 superfamily member 2

Notes

Funding

None

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

Zobair M. Younossi has received research funds or served as consultant to Gilead Sciences, Intercept, NovoNordisk, BMS, Abbvie, BMS, Terns and Viking. Pegah Golabi, Logan Rhea and Linda Henry have no conflict of interest to disclose.

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Copyright information

© Asian Pacific Association for the Study of the Liver 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pegah Golabi
    • 1
    • 2
  • Logan Rhea
    • 1
  • Linda Henry
    • 2
  • Zobair M. Younossi
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Center For Liver Disease, Department of MedicineInova Fairfax Medical CampusFalls ChurchUSA
  2. 2.Betty and Guy Beatty Center for Integrated ResearchInova Health System, Claude Moore Health Education and Research BuildingFalls ChurchUSA

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