Hepatology International

, Volume 4, Issue 2, pp 511–515 | Cite as

Clinical profile of hepatitis B virus chronic infection in patients of Brazilian liver reference units

  • João Galizzi Fº
  • Rosângela Teixeira
  • José C. F. Fonseca
  • Francisco J. D. Souto
Original Article

Abstract

Purpose

To assess data about chronic forms of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection in Brazilian reference units, the Brazilian Society of Hepatology (SBH) performed a survey, with its associates spread throughout the country.

Methods

SBH members were contacted by electronic mail. They were asked for data from their liver units regarding chronically infected HBV patients between January 2005 and September 2007. All subjects with HBV surface antigenemia lasting more than 6 months were eligible. Patients who died after January 2005 were also included.

Results

Data from 24 units of 17 cities (12 Brazilian states) were obtained. These corresponded to 3,913 patients. Mean age was 39 years, ranging from 1 to 84 years. The northern region had the lowest mean age (35 years) and the southern region the highest (43 years). Most of the sampled people were white; 1,448 of 3,614 patients had chronic hepatitis B. Most of them were HBeAg negative (1.4:1). There were 1,695 (46.9%) inactive carriers of 3,614 HBV-infected patients and other 69 (1.9%) were considered as having immune-tolerant status. Hepatitis D coinfection was common among the Amazonian sample (n = 369).

Conclusions

This large sample study shows important tendencies of chronic hepatitis B infection in Brazilian reference units, such as HBeAg-negative chronic hepatitis B cases overwhelming wild-type strains infected cases. Besides, hepatitis D occurs only among the Amazonian patients.

Keywords

Chronic hepatitis Hepatitis B virus Bloodborne infection Brazil South America 

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Copyright information

© Asian Pacific Association for the Study of the Liver 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • João Galizzi Fº
    • 1
  • Rosângela Teixeira
    • 1
  • José C. F. Fonseca
    • 2
  • Francisco J. D. Souto
    • 3
  1. 1.Faculdade De MedicinaUniversidade Federal de Minas GeraisBelo HorizonteBrazil
  2. 2.Faculdade de Ciências da SaúdeUniversidade Federal do AmazonasManausBrazil
  3. 3.Faculdade de Ciências MédicasUniversidade Federal de Mato GrossoCuiabáBrazil

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