Lingual Cysticercosis: A Case Series with Review of Literature

  • Gyanesh SethiEmail author
  • Daljeet Kaur
  • Nikhil Arora
  • Deepika Sethi
Other Articles


Cysticercosis is a condition in which humans are infected by the larval form of Pork Tapeworm Taenia solium. Isolated lingual cysticercosis is a rare entity due to the high muscular activity and metabolic rate of tongue which prevents the development of larva. We present a series of three patients with isolated lingual cysticercosis. One patient was treated by medical management while the other two were treated with surgical excision followed by medical therapy. All patients are asymptomatic after repeated follow ups.


Cysticercosis Tongue Oral cavity Magnetic resonance imaging 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

All the authors, Dr Gyanesh Sethi, Dr Daljeet Kaur, Dr Nikhil Arora and Dr Deepika Sethi declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

This article does not contain any studies with animals performed by any of the authors.

Informed Consent

Written informed consent was taken from the individual participants in this study.


  1. 1.
    Garcia HH, Del Brutto OH (2000) Taenia solium cysticercosis. Infect Dis Clin N Am 14(97–119):ixGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Schantz PM, Moore AC, Muñoz JL et al (1992) Neurocysticercosis in an orthodox Jewish community in New York City. N Engl J Med 327:692–695. CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Schmidt DK, Jordaan HF, Schneider JW, Cilliers J (1995) Cerebral and subcutaneous cysticercosis treated with albendazole. Int J Dermatol 34:574–579CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Khare P, Chauhan N, Dogra R et al (2014) Isolated cysticercosis of tongue: a case report. Diagn Cytopathol 42:716–718. CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Koteeswaran G, Mangala G, Kotasthane D, Tirou A (2013) Cysticercosis of tongue: cytohistologic approach to diagnosis. J Oral Maxillofac Pathol 17:480. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Singh A, Gautam P, Handa AC, Handa KK (2018) Oral cysticercosis: a case series and review of literature. J Oral Maxillofac Surg 76:2572–2576. CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Elias FM, Martins MT, Foronda R et al (2005) Oral cysticercosis: case report and review of the literature. Rev Inst Med Trop Sao Paulo 47:95–98. CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Saran RK, Rattan V, Rajwanshi A et al (1998) Cysticercosis of the oral cavity: report of five cases and a review of literature. Int J Paediatr Dent 8:273–278CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Richa Ray J, Pattanayak S, Vibha (2012) An asymptomatic tongue nodule. Contemp Clin Dent 3:464. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Singhal R, Bhagol A, Narwal A et al (2014) Asymptomatic swelling of the tongue. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol 117:159–162. CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Dube G, Choube A, Sachdeva N (2019) Taenia solium: a rare expression in oral cavity. J Maxillofac Oral Surg 18:229–232. CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Delgado-Azañero WA, Mosqueda-Taylor A, Carlos-Bregni R et al (2007) Oral cysticercosis: a collaborative study of 16 cases. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endodontol 103:528–533. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Mittal A, Das D, Iyer N et al (2008) Masseter cysticercosis—a rare case diagnosed on ultrasound. Dentomaxillofac Radiol 37:113–116. CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Prasad KN, Prasad A, Verma A, Singh AK (2008) Human cysticercosis and Indian scenario: a review. J Biosci 33:571–582CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Lustmann J, Copelyn M (1981) Oral cysticercosis. Review of the literature and report of 2 cases. Int J Oral Surg 10:371–375CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Flisser A, Plancarte A, Correa D et al (1990) New approaches in the diagnosis of Taenia solium cysticercosis and taeniasis. Ann Parasitol Hum Comp 65(Suppl 1):95–98. CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Garcia HH, Harrison LJ, Parkhouse RM et al (1998) A specific antigen-detection ELISA for the diagnosis of human neurocysticercosis. The cysticercosis working group in Peru. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 92:411–414. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    de Souza PE, Barreto DC, Fonseca LM et al (2000) Cysticercosis of the oral cavity: report of seven cases. Oral Dis 6:253–255CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Gupta DS, Goyal AK, Tandon PN et al (2012) Platyhelminthes in tongue—a rare case and review. J Oral Maxillofac Surg 70:2605–2609. CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Park SY, Kong MH, Kim JH, Song KY (2011) Disseminated cysticercosis. J Korean Neurosurg Soc 49:190–193. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Association of Otolaryngologists of India 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of ENT and Head and Neck SurgeryDr Baba Saheb Ambedkar Hospital and Medical CollegeRohiniIndia

Personalised recommendations