OSA 18 Questionnaire: Tool to Evaluate Quality of Life and Efficacy of Treatment Modalities in Pediatric Sleep Disordered Breathing Due to Adenotonsillar Hypertrophy
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Aims to evaluate quality of life in paediatric SDB due to adenotonsillar hypertrophy and efficacy of treatment modalities (medical and surgical) by using OSA-18 questionnaire. Prospective study, conducted from April 2019 to June 2019, including 42 patients with clinical features suggestive of SDB due to adenotonsillar hypertrophy, in age group of 3–15 years. Nasopharyngoscopy was done to grade adenoid hypertrophy. OSA-18 QOL questionnaire was recorded in all patients and depending upon the severity of impact of QOL and grades of adenoid hypertrophy, patients were categorized into two groups. Group 1 received medical treatment and group 2 underwent adenotonsillectomy. Questionnaire was again recorded after 4 weeks. Pretreatment and post-treatment total mean and individual domain scores were compared. Paired t tests was used to evaluate results. Group 1 included 16 children with mild to moderate impact and received medical management. Pretreatment mean OSA-18 score of 70.31 was improved to 33.5. Group 2 enrolled 26 patients with severe impact, were subjected to adenotonsillectomy. Pretreatment and post-treatment mean score were 95.88 and 24.92 respectively. Both groups showed statistically significant improvement in all individual domains and total mean OSA-18 scores indicating improvement in QOL after treatment and efficacy of medical management for mild-moderate SDB and surgery for severe cases. OSA-18 questionnaire is self-administered and disease specific screening tool for early diagnosis and evaluation of QOL before and after treatment. It also helps to categorize patients for advocating appropriate treatment and to evaluate efficacy of treatment modalities.
KeywordsSleep disordered breathing Obstructive sleep apnea Quality of life OSA 18 questionnaire Adenotonsillectomy Montelukast Mometasone nasal spray
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Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
This work has never been published and is not currently under evaluation in any other peer reviewed publication.
The study was approved by the Institutional Ethics Committee.
Informed consent was obtained from parents’ caregivers all individual participants included in the study.