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A Comparative Study on Aspiration Cytology and Histopathology in Diagnosis of Thyroid Nodule and Its Correlation

  • Pijush Kumar Roy
  • Shyama BandyopadhyayEmail author
  • Arya Brata Dubey
  • Arunabha Sengupta
Original Article
  • 15 Downloads

Abstract

Introduction

Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology (FNAC) is an initial diagnostic test that has been found to be simple and cost effective but it is associated with pitfalls due to difference in correlations between FNAC and Histopathological Examination (HPE).

Methods

A study was undertaken with a total of 112 patientspresenting with thyroid nodule who underwent thyroid surgeries. Preoperative FNAC and postoperative HPE were evaluated to calculate sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive value and accuracy.

Results

In our study we found sensitivity to be 81.48%, specificity 95.29%, positive predictive value 84.61%, Negative predictive value 94.18% and accuracy to be 91.16%.

Conclusion

Thus we can conclude that FNAC is a simple, safe and cost-effective diagnostic modality in the investigation of Thyroid nodule with high specificity and accuracy.

Keywords

Aspiration cytology Histopathology Sensitivity Specificity Thyroid nodule 

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that there is no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

:All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

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Copyright information

© Association of Otolaryngologists of India 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pijush Kumar Roy
    • 1
  • Shyama Bandyopadhyay
    • 1
    Email author
  • Arya Brata Dubey
    • 1
  • Arunabha Sengupta
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ENT and Head Neck SurgeryInstitute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (IPGME&R)/SSKM HospitalKolkataIndia

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