Deep Neck Space Infection: Study of 52 Cases
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Deep neck spaces are still common in developing countries like India, even though its less prevalent in developed nations. It can lead to serious complications like jugular vein thrombosis and dissemination of infection if not diagnosed early and intervened. This is a retrospective chart review of 52 patients from 2014 to 2017 in a tertiary care hospital. Only patients with infection deeper to the superficial fascia of neck were included. Submandibular space infection was the most common and precipitating factor being dental infection. Most common comorbid condition was diabetes mellitus. Klebsiella pneumoniae was the most common isolated organism and few patients had mixed culture with anaerobes. Injectable cephalosporin with metronidazole was the most effective antibiotic combination against such infections. Low threshold for early surgical intervention reduce hospital stay and enable quick recovery of patients. Usage of over the counter antibiotics masks the conditions and complicate diagnosis and treatment of this condition.
KeywordsDeep neck space infection Investigation Microbiology Management
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