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Vestibular Evoked Myogenic Potentials After Epleys Manoeuvre Among Individuals with Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo

  • K. Semmanaselvan
  • S. S. Vignesh
  • R. Muthukumar
  • V. Jaya
Original Article
  • 6 Downloads

Abstract

VEMP abnormalities in individuals with BPPV are often reported to be associated with utricle and saccule degeneration. The aim of the present study is to assess the frequency of VEMP abnormalities using vestibular evoked myogenic potentials in individuals with Posterior canal Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV) after Epley’s manoeuvre. 36 individuals (36 ears) with definite posterior canal BPPV and 36 healthy controls were considered for the present study. All the them underwent otoscopic examination, Dix–Hallpike manoeuvre to diagnose posterior canal BPPV. Further Audiological Evaluation including pure tone audiometry was carried out to rule out vestibular disorders associated with hearing loss. Epley’s manoeuvre was performed on all individuals with BPPV by an experienced otorhinolaryngologist. Cervical and Ocular Vestibular Evoked Myogenic Potentials (VEMP) were used to investigate the saccule and utricle functions following Epley’s manoeuvre. Cervical VEMP and ocular VEMP abnormalities were observed in 8/36 (22.22%) and 18/36 (50%) affected ears with BPPV respectively. Cervical VEMP responses were reduced in amplitude among 1/36 (2.77%) and absent in 7/36 (19.44%) of affected ears with BPPV. Ocular VEMP responses were reduced in amplitude on 11/36 (30.55%), followed by absent responses in 5/36 (13.88%) ears with BPPV. Two patients with posterior canal BPPV i.e., 4/64 (5.55%) ears had bilateral absence of ocular VEMP responses. Two ears with BPPV 2/36 (5.55%) had absence of both cervical and ocular VEMP responses in BPPV affected ear. T test showed significant difference (p < 0.01) in the amplitude of ocular VEMP among posterior canal BPPV individuals when compared to cervical VEMP. The present study highlights individuals with Posterior canal BPPV may have otoconia dislodgement or macular degeneration of utricle, saccule, both utricle and saccule unilaterally, or bilaterally. VEMP may be useful in evaluating degeneration of both otolith organs associated with BPPV.

Keywords

Vestibular evoked myogenic potentials Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo Epley’s manoeuvre 

Notes

Supplementary material

12070_2019_1581_MOESM1_ESM.docx (18 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 17 kb)

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Copyright information

© Association of Otolaryngologists of India 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. Semmanaselvan
    • 1
  • S. S. Vignesh
    • 2
  • R. Muthukumar
    • 1
  • V. Jaya
    • 2
  1. 1.Upgraded Institute of OtorhinolaryngologyMadras Medical CollegeChennaiIndia
  2. 2.Upgraded Institute of Otorhinolaryngology – Institute of Speech and HearingMadras Medical CollegeChennaiIndia

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