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Clinical and Audiometric Assessment of Hearing Loss in Diabetes Mellitus

  • Angela MishraEmail author
  • Vijay Kumar Poorey
Original Article
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Abstract

Hyperglycemia has been reported to cause hearing loss. We evaluated hyperglycemic subjects with controls undergoing pure tone audiometry. Hundred subjects were divided into case (n = 50, diabetes mellitus patients) and control (n = 50, non DM subjects). Pure tone audiometry was performed for subjects. Degree of hearing loss was categorized as mild, moderate, moderately severe, severe and profound hearing loss. Out of 50 cases, 26% had normal hearing, 20% had moderately and 28% had moderately severe hearing loss. Longer duration of diabetes (p = 0.031) was significant predictor of moderately severe, severe and profound SNHL. Profound SNHL was more common in those with > 200 fasting blood sugar (p = 0.001) and severe and profound SNHL was common in those having > 300 random blood sugar (p = 0.004). To conclude age, duration and severity of diabetes was the significant predictor of hearing loss in patients of diabetes mellitus.

Keywords

Pure tone audiometry Hearing loss Sensorineural hearing loss Diabetes mellitus 

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

Both authors declare that they have no conflict of interests.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

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Copyright information

© Association of Otolaryngologists of India 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of ENTGandhi Medical College and Associated HospitalBhopalIndia

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