Do Aesthetic Average Nasal Parameters Matter For Rhinoplasty in India?

  • Sapna Ramkrishna ParabEmail author
  • Mubarak M. Khan
Original Article


Nose morphology and facial features depend on ethnicity, gender and environmental conditions. Nasal parameters for rhinoplasty are well defined in the European and American population. Though rhinoplasty is a common cosmetic surgery in India, till now, there is no dedicated study delineating the parameters for the Indian Rhinoplasty. The aim of this study is to determine and delineate the anthropometric measurements of the Indian male and female noses and to propose the nasal parameters for Indian rhinoplasty. To determine the aesthetically pleasing nasal anthropometric parameters in Indian males and females and to put forth the parameters for Indian Rhinoplasty. This anthropometric study included a volunteer sample of 221 young, good-looking Indian males and females aged 18–25 years with Indian parents and no history of previous surgery or trauma to the nose. Standardized frontal, lateral and basal photographs of the noses along with the reference scale were taken, and 11 standard anthropometric measurements of the nose were determined. The sample size selected was such that it included representative population from the north south east and west zones of India. All the nasal measurements for the Indian women and men were found to be significantly different from the other European standards. In our study, we measured the nasal average values of the good looking, young Indian males and females and compared with the results of the nasal parameters of the other populations found in the literature. This study is the first one to propose the aesthetic average nasal parameters for corrective rhinoplasty in Indian population. Level of Evidence IV.


Indian Nasal parameters Anthropometry Aesthetic average Indian nose Indian rhinoplasty 



Dr. Mrs. Swati Raje, Dept Of PSM, MIMER MC for the statistical analysis.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

All authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional committee and with the 1964 helsinski declaration and its later ammendments or comparable ethical standards Institutional Ethics Committee has approved the study.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study. Special consent was taken for photography and identity disclosure.


  1. 1.
    Eickstedt EV (1927) The race and types of the western Himalayas. Man India 6:237Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Oladipo GS, Olabiyi AO, Oremosu AA, Noronha CC (2007) Nasal indices among major ethnic groups in Southern Nigeria. Sci Res Essay 2(1):20–22Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Olotu JE, Eroje A, Oladipo GS, Ezon-Ebidor E (2009) Anthropometric study of the facial and nasal length of adult Igbo ethnic group in Nigeria. Int J Biol Anthropol 2(2):1–6Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Krishan K (2008) Estimation of stature from cephalo-facial anthropometry in north Indian population. Forensic Sci Int 181(1–3):52e1–52e6Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Carvalho B, Ballin AC, Becker RV, Berger CA, Hurtado JG, Mocellin M (2012) Rhinoplasty and facial asymmetry: analysis of subjective and anthropometric factors in the Caucasian nose. Int Arch Otorhinolaryngol 16(4):445–451PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Romo T 3rd, Abraham MT (2003) The ethnic nose. Fac Plast Surg 19(3):269–278CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Milgrim LM (1996) Anthropometric analysis of the female Latino nose: revised aesthetic concepts and their surgical implications. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 122:1079–1086CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Mishima K, Mori Y, Yamada T, Sugahara T (2002) An-thropometric analysis of the nose in the Japanese. Cells Tiss Organs 170:198–206CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Ochi K, Ohashi T (2002) The effects of an external nasaldilator and nasal dimensions in Asians. Otolarygol Head Neck Surg 126:160–163CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Ofodile FA, Bokhari F (1995) The African–American nose: part II. Ann Plast Surg 34:123–129CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Abdullah Etöz (2011). Anthropometric analysis of the nose. In: Brenner M (ed) Rhinoplasty. ISBN: 978-953-307-849-6, InTech.
  12. 12.
    Davies A (1932) Man’s nasal index in relation to climate. J R Anthropol Inst GB Irel 29:8–14Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Balaresque PL, Ballereau SJ, Jobling MA (2007) Challenges in human genetic diversity: demographic history and adaptation. Hum Mol Gen 16:R134–R139CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Thompson A, Dudley Buxton L (1923) Man’s nasal index in relation to certain climatic conditions. J R Anthropol Inst GB Irel 53:99–122Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Weiner JS (1954) Nose shape and climate. Am J Phys Anthropol 12:615–618CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Hall RL (2005) Energetics of nose and mouth breathing, body size, bod composition and nose volume in young adult males and females. Am J Hum Biol 17:321–330CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Trenité GJN (2003) The ethnic nose. Facial Plast Surg 19(3):237–238CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Aung SC, Liam FC, Teik LS (2000) Three dimensional laser scan assessment of the Oriental nose with a new classification of Oriental nasal types. Br J Plast Surg 53(2):109–116CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
  20. 20.
    Ofodile FA, Bokhari F (1995) The African–American nose Part II. Ann Plast Surg 34:123–129CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Ferrario VF, Sforza C, Poggio C, Schmitz JH (1997) Three–dimensional study of growth and development of thenose. Cleft Palate-Craniof J 34:309–317CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Ofodile FA, Bokhari F, Ellis C (1993) The black American nose. Ann Plast Surg 31:209–218CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Uzun A, Akbas H, Bilgic S, Emirzeoglu M, Bostanc O, Sahin B, Bek Y (2006) The average values of the nasalanthropometric measurements in 108 young Turkish males. Auris Nasus Larynx 33:31–35CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Choe KS, Yalamanchili HR, Litner JA, Sclafani AP, Quatela VC (2006) The Korean American woman’s nose: an in-depth nasal photogrammatic analysis. Arch Facial Plast Surg 8:319–323CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Farkas LG, Phillips JH, Katic M (1998) Anthropometric anatomical and morphological nose widths in Canadian-Caucasian adults. Can J Plast Surg 6:149–151CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Ahmet Uzun, Fikri Ozdemir (2014) Morphometric analysis of nasal shapes and angles in young adults. Braz J Otorhinolaryngol. 80(5):397–402CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Choe KS, Sclafani AP, Litner JA, Yu G, Romo T (2004) The Korean American woman’s face anthropometric measurements and quantitative analysis of facial aesthetics. Arch Fac Plast Surg 6(4):244–252CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Eliakim-Ikechukwu CF, Ekpo AS, Etika M, Ihentuge C, Mesembe OE (2013) Facial aesthetic angles of the Ibo and Yoruba ethnic groups of Nigeria. IOSR J Pharm Biol Sci (IOSR-JPBS) 5(5):14–17. e-ISSN: 2278-3008. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Choudhary A, Choudhary DS (2012) Comparative anthropometric study of nasal parameters between two ethnic groups of Rajasthan State. Int J Med Public health 2(2):46–48CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Chhabra DN, Bedi DM, Patnaik DVVG (2012) Anthropometric study of the nose of 600 North Indian Adults (a study done for forensic identification). NJIRM 3(5):62–68Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Patil SB, Kale SM, Jaiswal S, Khare N, Math M (2011) The average Indian female nose. Aesthetic Plast Surg 35(6):1036–1042CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Association of Otolaryngologists of India 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of OtorhinolaryngologyM.I.M.E.R. Medical CollegeTalegaon Dabhade, PuneIndia
  2. 2.Sushrut ENT Hospital and Dr. Khan’s ENT Research CenterTalegaon Dabhade, PuneIndia

Personalised recommendations