Tracheostomy: Experience at Tertiary Hospital
An attempt was made to find indications of tracheostomy procedure and its complications in the modern era of medicine with refined surgical techniques at a tertiary hospital. A retrospective study of 240 patients, who had undergone tracheostomy, was done during the period from January 2013 to April 2017 at Govt. Medical College Hospital. Various details of all participants such as age and sex of patients, detailed history of the current disease, and detailed information about tracheostomy and complications were recorded. In the present study, the most common indication for tracheostomy was prolonged ventilation due to Organophosphorus poisoning and Snake bite. The complication rate for tracheostomy procedure was 11.5%. The most common complication was tubal occlusion (7.5%) followed by Granulations around stoma (2.5%), Tracheal stenosis (1.25%), tracheoesophageal fistula (0.4%). No death was occurred during the tracheostomy procedure. The morbidity and mortality due to tracheostomy are reduced definitely. Tracheostomy Complications can be prevented by refined surgical techniques, use of high volume low pressure cuffed tracheostomy tubes and attentive post-operative nursing care. Yet complications of tracheomalacia and tracheal stenosis call for further improvement.
KeywordsTracheostomy Tracheal stenosis Complications Organophosphorus poisoning
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
Ethical Approval was taken by Institutional Ethical Board as per ICMR guidelines by letter no. Pharma Dept/IEC/Approval letter/68/18.
Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.
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