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Laryngectomy With or Without Partial Pharyngectomy: A Systematic Review

  • M. B. Bharathi
  • Rajendra Prasad JangaEmail author
  • B. S. Rakesh
  • A. R. Babu
Original Article
  • 37 Downloads

Abstract

Complications following the total laryngectomy with or without partial pharyngectomy with neck dissection for laryngeal and pyriform fossa malignancies like aspiration, pharyngocutaneous fistula wound infection, flap necrosis, haematoma, chyle fistula and carotid blowout can cause serious implication on the final outcome of the treatment, which leads to increased postoperative morbidity, hospital stay and hospital cost. A prospective study in the Department of Otolaryngology and Head–Neck Surgery, JSS Hospital, Mysore, from November 2014 to July 2016. 30 patients undergoing Total laryngectomy with or without partial pharyngectomy for laryngeal and pyriform fossa were included in this study. The presentation, diagnosis, and management of the complications that were occurred, were discussed. The age of the patients vary between 32 and 76. Also, male preponderance was seen with approximately M:F ratio 3:1. Out of these 30 patients, 6 patients developed complications. The most common complication was pharyngocutaneous fistula (2 patients, 6%), which was developed after the 7th day. It was managed conservatively in both patients, wound infection was a second complication (2, 6%). Other complications were drain failure (1, 3%) and chylous fistula (1, 3%). The Most common complications after total laryngectomy with or without partial pharyngectomy with neck dissection in our study were wound infection and pharyngocutaneous fistula. Assessment of risk factors, early recognition of complications per operative protocols with improvised techniques are necessary to reduce incidence of complication after total laryngectomy with or without partial pharyngectomy with neck dissection.

Keywords

Laryngeal cancer Laryngectomy Partial pharyngectomy Pharyngocutaneous fistula 

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Copyright information

© Association of Otolaryngologists of India 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of ENTJSS Hospital and UniversityMysuruIndia
  2. 2.Department of ENTJSS Medical College and JSS UniversityMysuruIndia

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