Epidemiological Profile of ENT Emergencies: Our Experience
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Emergencies in otorhinolaryngology are common occurrence. Early diagnosis and management result in reduction in morbidity and mortality. To assess the epidemiology, pattern and distribution of ENT emergencies at a tertiary level hospital. Cross sectional, retrospective, descriptive study over a period of 5 years. Medical records of these patients were studied, noting the age, sex, diagnosis on admission and outcome of emergency care. A total of 38,793 patients, age ranging from 15 days to 85 years were included in the study. The number of male and female patients were 25,971 (66.95%) and 12,822 (33.05%) respectively and the male to female ratio 2:1. The most commonly encountered emergency was epistaxis, which accounted for 25.58% of the emergencies attended. This was followed by ear ache and ear discharge. The ENT emergency ward plays a key role in the management of life-threatening conditions requiring immediate evaluation and management by specialized physician. It is important to prioritize and reduce the number of non-urgency/emergency cases attending the emergencies in order to ensure proper care is given to the emergency cases.
KeywordsEmergency Otorhinolaryngology Epistaxis
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of interest
No conflicts of interest for any of the authors.
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.
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