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A Comparative Study of the Efficacy of Fat Plug Myringoplasty and Conventional Myringoplasty in Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media with Small Central Perforation

  • N. Dhanapala
  • B. RamyaEmail author
  • L. Sudarshan Reddy
Original Article
  • 30 Downloads

Abstract

Chronic Otitis Media (COM) is a major cause of acquired hearing impairment especially in developing countries. Persistent perforations occur either due to improper treatment of recurrent otitis media or infected traumatic perforation. Myringoplasty, repair of the Tympanic membrane using autologous temporalis fascia, is the standard procedure for COM. Other graft materials commonly used include tragal perichondrium, tragal cartilage and adipose tissue. This prospective study aims to compare the surgical and audiological outcome of fat plug myringoplasty [FPM] and conventional myringoplasty using temporalis fascia [CM-TF] in COM with small dry central perforation. A total of 60 patients of COM with small dry central perforation, aged 16–60 years, during the study period of October 2013 to August 2015 were divided into two groups of 30 cases each. The first group underwent FPM while the second group underwent CM-TF. The graft uptake and hearing outcome [pre operative and 3 months post operative PTA] were assessed. The surgical outcome of FPM with graft uptake of 86.7% was comparable to CM-TF with a graft uptake of 90%. The mean post operative hearing gain in FPM was 3.43 ± 2.81 dB which correlated well with that of CM-TF with 3.85 ± 3.05 dB. The duration of hospital stay and operative time was significantly lower in FPM group. FPM can be safely performed in cases with dry, small central perforations of the tympanic membrane with outcomes comparable to CM-TF.

Keywords

Chronic Otitis Media Fat plug myringoplasty Conventional myringoplasty Temporalis fascia 

Abbreviations

COM

Chronic Otitis Media

FPM

Fat plug myringoplasty

CM-TF

Conventional myringoplasty using temporalis fascia

TM

Tympanic membrane

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

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Copyright information

© Association of Otolaryngologists of India 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of ENTBangalore Medical College and Research InstituteBangaloreIndia
  2. 2.Osmania Medical CollegeHyderabadIndia
  3. 3.Sri Venkateshwara ENT InstituteBangaloreIndia

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