Morphometric Analysis of the External Auditory Canal by Computed Tomography in Indian Population
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Various studies have shown variations in size and shape of different anthropometric measurements of external auditory canal. We conducted an anthropometric study of the three-dimensional anatomy of the osseous external auditory canal (OEAC) using high-resolution computed tomography the temporal bone to identify the variations in subset of Indian population from North India. A retrospective review of high-resolution computed tomography images of the temporal bones of 125 patients (250 external auditory canals) of different ages (mean 28.43 years) acquired from September 2014 to February of 2015 was performed. Using a method, as proposed by Mahboubio et al. (Otol Neurotol 33:715–720, 2012), six defined dimensions of the OEAC in the parasagittal planes were recorded at the level of annulus, midcanal and the outermost point of osseous external auditory canal at bony-cartilaginous junction. The length and shape of the OEAC were also studied and the frequency rate of each was recorded. The most prevalent shape of the OEAC was found to be conical (64%) and the mean osseous external auditory canal length was 9.61 mm. The length of the OEAC was significantly different between ages above and below 12 years while the 6 defined cross sectional dimensions were statistically significant between ages above and below 8 years. The history of chronic suppurative otitis media had a significant bearing on the inferior mid-anteroposterior dimension at the level of bony-cartilaginous junction. There was statistically significant difference in supero-inferior diameter in the posterior half at the level of mid-canal and outer bony-cartilaginous junction between males and females. The comprehensive set of standardized measurements collected in this study provides three-dimensional information on osseous external auditory canal geometry. These measurements and the methodology will contribute to the development of element models of the osseous canal for computational modeling purposes and also provide important measurements for design of in-the-canal hearing aids, specialized earplugs and for defining average sizes for canalplasty procedures, in pre- and postoperative surgical planning and assessment of canal atresia and stenosis in Indian population. No such previous study has been done in North Indian population.
KeywordsOsseous external auditory canal Anthropometry Canalplasty In-the-canal hearing aids Canal stenosis
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