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Allergic Rhinitis: an Overview

  • Jitendra Varshney
  • Himanshu VarshneyEmail author
Original Article

Abstract

Allergic rhinitis is an inflammatory disorder of the nasal mucosa induced by allergen exposure triggering IgE-mediated inflammation. Clinically, it is characterized by four major symptoms–rhinorrhea, sneezing, nasal itching, and nasal congestion. It can also be associated with co-morbid conditions as Asthma, Atopic Dermatitis & Nasal polyps. Around 20–30 % of the Indian population suffers from allergic rhinitis and that 15 % develop asthma. The diagnosis & treatment of allergic rhinitis should follow ARIA (Allergic Rhinitis and its Impact on Asthma) guidelines while of asthma should follow the GINA (Global Initiative for Asthma) guidelines. The treatment of allergic rhinitis should combine allergen avoidance (whenever possible), pharmacotherapy, and allergen immunotherapy. Intranasal corticosteroids are the most effective modality for treating allergic rhinitis and their sensory attributes are important in patient compliance.

Keywords

Allergic rhinitis Asthma Intranasal corticosteroid Immunotherapy 

Notes

Conflict of interest

None.

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Copyright information

© Association of Otolaryngologists of India 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Pharmacy In CHARGESri Sai HospitalMoradabadIndia
  2. 2.Department of OtorhinolaryngologySri Sai HospitalMoradabadIndia.

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