Theory in Biosciences

, Volume 134, Issue 1–2, pp 9–15 | Cite as

Goethe’s “Comparirte Anatomy” as a foundation for the growth of theoretical and applied biomedical sciences in Jena

Original Paper

Abstract

In this overview, we aim to outline the development of German morphology and comparative anatomy, concentrating on the “Jena school” since it played the crucial role in the growth of these disciplines. We highlight the outstanding role of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe in this process and exemplify the ways he exercised influence on theoretical and applied biosciences. Goethe crucially influenced all methodological currents of comparative anatomy, and laid foundations for both theoretical and applied research programmes. The latter included the whole range of biosciences and medical sciences including veterinary medicine. Goethe’s idea to concentrate at a single location both fundamental biological research and practical medical and veterinary studies was crucial for the success of the Jena school.

Keywords

Johann Wolfgang von Goethe Comparative anatomy Evolutionary morphology Ernst Haeckel Carl Gegenbaur 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Georgy S. Levit
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Petra Reinhold
    • 1
  • Uwe Hoßfeld
    • 3
  1. 1.Friedrich-Loeffler-Institut (FLI)Bundesforschungsinstitut für TiergesundheitJenaGermany
  2. 2.National Research University ITMOSt. PetersburgRussia
  3. 3.AG BiologiedidaktikFSU JenaJenaGermany

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