Journal of Population Ageing

, Volume 9, Issue 3, pp 207–225 | Cite as

A New Perspective on Patterns of Aging in Europe by Education and Gender

  • Warren C. Sanderson
  • Sergei Scherbov


In this paper, we use the concept of prospective age to illuminate patterns of aging by gender, and education in Europe. We find that, within countries, the patterns of aging of men and women with high education are comparatively similar to one another, but that the patterns of aging are quite dissimilar for men and women in the low education group. Across countries the patterns of aging become more similar as education levels increase. Thus, when we look across educational strata, we find increasing convergence in the pattern of aging both across countries and by gender within countries. The distinctive patterns of aging in the Eastern European countries are largely associated with the comparatively rapid aging of men in the low education category. If aging patterns by education persist, improvements in the education composition of Eastern European countries would result in the patterns of aging there becoming more similar to those in Western European countries.


Prospective age Aging Characteristic impact trajectories Old age thresholds Patterns of aging Education 



The research leading to these results has received funding from the European Research Council under the European Union’s Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007-2013) / ERC grant agreement no ERC2013-AdG 323947-Re-Ageing.

Supplementary material

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ESM 1 (PDF 169 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of EconomicsStony Brook UniversityStony BrookUSA
  2. 2.International Institute for Applied Systems AnalysisLaxenburgAustria
  3. 3.Wittgenstein Centre for Demography and Global Human Capital (IIASA, VID/ÖAW, WU), IIASALaxenburgAustria

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