Journal of Population Ageing

, Volume 2, Issue 3–4, pp 161–181 | Cite as

Later-Life Migrations in Canada in 2001: A Multilevel Approach

  • Karen M. KingEmail author
  • K. Bruce Newbold


Canada is an aging society; with over 13% of the population 65 and over in 2008 and with this population growing at a rate more than double the overall population. Moreover, the aging of the Canada population varies geographically across the nation. Using data drawn from the 2001 Census of Canada Master files (20% sample), the objectives of this analysis are twofold. First, the analysis examines the internal migration behavior of the older population, distinguishing between the native-born and foreign-born. Second, the analysis examines how residential attributes at the census subdivision (CSD) and census metropolitan levels influence the migration decision. This analysis examines the later-life migrations of Canada’s older population at the census subdivision level in 2001.


Elderly Later-life Internal migration Multilevel model Canada Census 



This paper was completed while the first author was a Social and Economic Dimensions of an Aging Population (SEDAP) postdoctoral fellow at McMaster University. She gratefully acknowledges the funding support of this program and Human Resources and Social Development Canada (HRSDC) for this research. The authors would like to acknowledge assistance from Dr. Ruben Mercado with multilevel modeling in MLwiN.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The Martin Prosperity Institute, Joseph L. Rotman School of ManagementUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada
  2. 2.School of Geography and Earth SciencesMcMaster UniversityHamiltonCanada

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