External iliac vein aneurysm due to arteriovenous fistula between popliteal artery and popliteal vein-a rare entity

  • Zubair Ahmad
  • Sadia Shabir
  • Mohd IlyasEmail author
  • Tariq Gojwari
A 40-year old male presented with the complaints of progressive swelling in the hypogastrium for 6 months. There was history of dark pigmentation of the skin around the ankle and a non-healing ulcer at the same site. There was history of progressive increase in the girth of left lower limb. There was no history of previous trauma. Clinical examination revealed multiple varicosities along the course of great saphenous vein. A palpable pelvic mass with palpable femoral artery thrill. A loud bruit was auscultable in the popliteal fossa and left inguinal area. Computed tomographic (CT) angiography of lower abdomen and lower limb vessels was done using 64-slice Somatom Sensation-64 (Siemens Healthcare, Germany). The study revealed a large sized arteriovenous fistula between popliteal artery and popliteal vein in the left popliteal fossa (Fig.  1). There was marked dilatation of left popliteal vein and left femoral vein due to high-pressure transmission from the popliteal artery with...


Compliance with ethical standards

Ethical statement

No animals were used in the study.

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Informed consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.


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Copyright information

© Indian Association of Cardiovascular-Thoracic Surgeons 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Radiodiagnosis and ImagingSher-i-Kashmir Institute of Medical SciencesSrinagarIndia

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