Delayed complication of balloon mitral commisurrotomy. a rare case scenario
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The last two decades has seen percutaneous transmitral commissurotomy turn out to be the standard of care in most patients with symptomatic mitral stenosis with a large body of evidence reporting excellent outcome on the short- and long-term with low incidence of serious complications. Complications necessitating urgent surgery are rare and include acute severe mitral regurgitation from mitral valve tear and cardiac tamponade due to cardiac chamber perforation. We report a rare extracardiac bleeding complication of balloon valvotomy presenting a month after the procedure with severe symptoms and mediastinal shift warranting emergency redo sternotomy and mediastinal thrombectomy.
KeywordsComplications Rheumatic mitral stenosis Balloon mitral valvotomy
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Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.