Retrosternal lead placement: an attractive alternative to subcutaneous tunneling
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Complex lead placement is on the rise. When ipsilateral lead placement is unavailable, a retrosternal approach offers minimal cosmetic defects while minimizing lead injury. A retrosternal technique has yet to be described in the literature. Here, we describe our technique, tricks, and pitfalls to performing such an operation in three patients.
KeywordsRetrosternal Complex lead placement Chitwood clamp
Compliance with ethical standards
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in this study.
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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