Energy Efficiency

, Volume 12, Issue 4, pp 921–931 | Cite as

Modeling energy intensity of residential space heating

  • Jin Guo
  • Shimei Wu
  • Jingqiu Hu
  • Chu WeiEmail author
Original Article


The energy efficiency of heating systems has become a critical concern for academic study and public welfare worldwide. Developing a comparable measurement tool among various residential space heating systems can offer policy-makers a benchmark for monitoring efficiency, guide them in setting appropriate energy conservation goals and promote overall efficiency improvements through heating system transitions. In the present study, we establish a framework to accommodate heterogenetic space heating systems and model the energy efficiency for performance assessment. By taking the heating area and heating hours into account, two energy intensity indicators are developed. Data from the Chinese Residential Energy Consumption Survey (CRECS) is used to examine the energy intensity for Northern and Southern residences. Our results show opposite findings from other studies, and the interpretation is presented.


Energy intensity Residential space heating energy consumption Modeling technique China 



This study is supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (71622014, 41771564) and Ministry of Education of China (16YJA790049).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Academy of Macroeconomic ResearchNational Development and Reform CommissionBeijingChina
  2. 2.Department of Energy Economics, School of EconomicsRenmin University of ChinaBeijingChina
  3. 3.National Academy of Development and StrategyRenmin University of ChinaBeijingChina
  4. 4.School of Business & EconomicsUniversity of MünsterMünsterGermany

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