Energy Efficiency

, Volume 7, Issue 1, pp 23–41 | Cite as

Lessons from energy efficiency policy and programmesin the UK from 1973 to 2013

  • Peter S. Mallaburn
  • Nick Eyre
Review Article


The UK is in the process of implementing the Green Deal, a finance-based energy efficiency policy. It is aimed, initially, at the domestic sector, but with plans to extend the scheme to the commercial and public sectors. The Green Deal represents a fundamental reorganisation of policy because it places a considerable reliance on the role of markets to deliver the required energy savings. After some initial Government funding, support programmes have been curtailed or removed completely and role of government restricted to capacity building, accreditation and compliance monitoring. Will the Green Deal succeed? This paper reviews the history of energy efficiency policy and programmes in the UK from 1973 to the present day, taking account of the political environment and of the wider context of energy and climate policy development. This information is then analysed to draw out what is generally considered to be effective policy, and applies this to the current policy landscape.


UK energy and climate policy Policy implementation Green deal Energy efficiency and conservation 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Energy and Sustainable DevelopmentDe Montfort UniversityLeicesterUK
  2. 2.Environmental Change Institute and Transport Studies UnitUniversity of OxfordOxfordUK

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