Advertisement

Sādhanā

, 44:103 | Cite as

Influence of functionalized MWCNT on microstructure and mechanical properties of cement paste

  • Mohammad Ali MousaviEmail author
  • Ali Bahari
Article
  • 19 Downloads

Abstract

Today, studies on nanotechnology applications in the construction industry are looking for a solution to reduce the use of cement and consequently to reduce the emission of pollutants in the environment. In this regard, the effect of different percentages of the functionalized multi-walled carbon nanotubes with carboxylic groups (MWCNT) on the modification of mechanical and microstructural properties of hardened cement paste was investigated. The addition ratios of Portland cement with the same weight of MWCNT-COOHs were 0, 0.025, 0.05, 0.1, and 0.2 weight percent (wt%). Moreover, the mechanical and microstructural properties of the hardened cement paste were investigated by the use of Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy (XRF), X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-powder, scanning electron microscope (SEM) and atomic force microscope (AFM) techniques. The results show that replacement of cement with 0.05 wt% of the functionalized carbon nanotube, as the optimal amount, can be considered both for improving mechanical and microstructural properties.

Keywords

Nanomaterials micro-crack micro-pores Portland cement multi-walled carbon nanotubes 

References

  1. 1.
    Greco E, Ciliberto E, Verdura P D, Giudice E L and Navarra G 2016 Nanoparticle-based concretes for the restoration of historical and contemporary buildings: a new way for CO2 reduction in architecture. Appl. Phys. A 122: 524CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Zhu W, Bartos P J and Porro A 2004 Application of nanotechnology in construction. Mater. Struct. 37: 649–658CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Bahari A, Sadeghi-Nik A, Roodbari M, Sadeghi-Nik A and Mirshafiei E 2018 Experimental and theoretical studies of ordinary Portland cement composites contains nano LSCO perovskite with Fokker–Planck and chemical reaction equations. Constr. Build. Mater. 163: 247–255CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Nik A S, Bahari A and Nik A S 2011 Investigation of nano structural properties of cement-based materials. Am. J. Sci. Res. 25: 104–111Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Nik A S, Bahari A and Amiri B 2011 Nanostructural properties of cement–matrix composite. J. Basic Appl. Sci. Res. 11: 2167–2173Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Singh A P, Gupta B K, Mishra M, Chandra A, Mathur R B and Dhawan S K 2013 Multiwalled carbon nanotube/cement composites with exceptional electromagnetic interference shielding properties. Carbon 56: 86–96CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Sadeghi-Nik A, Berenjian J, Alimohammadi S, Lotfi-Omran O, Sadeghi-Nik A and Karimaei M 2019 The effect of recycled concrete aggregates and metakaolin on the mechanical properties of self-compacting concrete containing nanoparticles. Iran. J. Sci. Technol. Trans. Civ. Eng.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s40996-018-0182-4
  8. 8.
    Sadeghi-Nik A, Bahari A, Khorshidi Z and Gholipur R 2012 Effect of lanthanum oxide on the bases of cement and concrete. In: Third International Conference on Construction in Developing Countries (Advancing Civil, Architectural and Construction Engineering & Management), Bangkok, Thailand, 707–712Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Nik A S and Bahari A 2010 Nano-Particles in Concrete and Cement Mixtures. In: International Conference on Nano Science and Technology. Chengdu, China, 221–223Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Amiri B, Bahari A, Nik A S, Nik A S and Movahedi N S 2012 Use of AFM technique to study the nano-silica effects in concrete mixture. Indian J. Sci. Technol. 5: 2055–2059Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Dastan D, Panahi S L and Chaure N B 2016 Characterization of titania thin films grown by dip-coating technique. J. Mater. Sci.: Mater. Electron. 27: 12291–12296CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Dastan D, Londhe P U and Chaure N B 2014 Characterization of TiO2 nanoparticles prepared using different surfactants by sol–gel method. J. Mater. Sci.: Mater. Electron. 25: 3473–3479Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Nik A S, Bahari A, Nik A S and Khalilpasha M H 2011 Nanotechnology coating of buildings with sol– gel method. Am. J. Sci. Res. 31: 69–72Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Dastan D 2017 Effect of preparation methods on the properties of titania nanoparticles: solvothermal versus sol–gel. Appl. Phys. A 123: 699CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Kurdowski W 2014 Cement and concrete chemistry. Springer Science & Business, Chapter 7, pp. 573–578Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Bahari A, Sadeghi-Nik A, Roodbari M and Mirnia N 2012 Investigation the Al–Fe–Cr–Ti nano composites structures with using XRD and AFM techniques. Sadhana 37: 657–664CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Bahari A, Sadeghi-Nik A, Roodbari M, Mirshafiei E and Amiri B 2015 Effect of silicon carbide nano dispersion on the mechanical and nano structural properties of cement. Natl. Acad. Sci. Lett. 38: 361–364.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Bahari A, Sadeghi Nik A, Roodbari M, Taghavi K and Mirshafiei S E 2012 Synthesis and strength study of cement mortars containing sic nano particles. Dig. J. Nanomater. Biostruct. 7: 1427–1435Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Bahari A, Berenjian J and Sadeghi-Nik A 2016 Modification of Portland cement with nano SiC. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. India Sect. A - Phys. Sci. 86: 323–331CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Zhang H, Guo L, Song Q, Fu Q, Li H and Li K 2013 Microstructure and flexural properties of carbon/carbon composite with in-situ grown carbon nanotube as secondary reinforcement. Prog. Nat. Sci.: Mater. Int. 23: 157–163CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Björnström J 2003 Effect of superplasticizers on the rheological properties of cements. Mater. Struct. 36: 685–692CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Sobolev K and Gutiérrez M F 2005 How nanotechnology can change the concrete world. Am. Ceram. Soc. Bull. 84: 14–18Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Bagheri A, Parhizkar T, Madani H and Raisghasemi A M 2013 The influence of different preparation methods on the aggregation status of pyrogenic nanosilicas used in concrete. Mater. Struct. 46: 135–143CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Parveen S, Rana S, Fangueiro R and Paiva M C 2015 Microstructure and mechanical properties of carbon nanotube reinforced cementitious composites developed using a novel dispersion technique. Cem. Concrete Res. 73: 215–227CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Ghaharpour F, Bahari A, Abbasi M and Ashkarran AA 2016 Parametric investigation of CNT deposition on cement by CVD process. Constr. Build. Mater. 113: 523–535CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Plassard C, Lesniewska E, Pochard I and Nonat A 2004 Investigation of the surface structure and elastic properties of calcium silicate hydrates at the nanoscale. Ultramicroscopy 100: 331–338CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Häußler F, Palzer S, Eckart A and Hoell A 2002 Microstructural SANS–studies of hydrating tricalcium silicate (C3S). Appl. Phys. A 74: 1124–1127CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Li G Y, Wang P M and Zhao X 2005 Mechanical behavior and microstructure of cement composites incorporating surface-treated multi-walled carbon nanotubes. Carbon 43: 1239–1245CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Li G Y, Wang P M and Zhao X 2007 Pressure-sensitive properties and microstructure of carbon nanotube reinforced cement composites. Cem. Concrete Compos. 29: 377–382CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Cwirzen A, Habermehl-Cwirzen K and Penttala V 2008 Surface decoration of carbon nanotubes and mechanical properties of cement/carbon nanotube composites. Adv. Cem. Res. 20: 65–73CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Sobolkina A, Mechtcherine V, Khavrus V, Maier D, Mende M, Ritschel M and Leonhardt A 2012 Dispersion of carbon nanotubes and its influence on the mechanical properties of the cement matrix. Cem. Concrete Compos. 34: 1104–1113CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Manzur T and Yazdani N 2015 Optimum mix ratio for carbon nanotubes in cement mortar. KSCE J. Civ. Eng. 19: 1405–1412.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    ASTM C150-04 2004 Standard Specification for Portland Cement. ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PAGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    ASTM C511-13 2013 Standard specification for mixing rooms, moist cabinets, moist rooms, and water storage tanks used in the testing of hydraulic cements and concretes. ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PAGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    ASTM C109/C109M-02 2002 Standard Test Method for Compressive Strength of Hydraulic Cement Mortars (Using 2-in. or [50-mm] Cube Specimens). ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PAGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    ASTM C348-02 2002 Standard Test Method for Flexural Strength of Hydrauliccement Mortars. ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PAGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Derlet P M, Van Petegem S and Van Swygenhoven H 2005 Calculation of x-ray spectra for nanocrystalline materials. Phys. Rev. B 71: 024114CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Gomes C E M, Ferreira O P and Fernandes M R 2005 Influence of vinyl acetate-versatic vinylester copolymer on the microstructural characteristics of cement pastes. Mater. Res. 8: 51–56CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Barnett S J, Macphee D E, Lachowski E E and Crammond N J 2002 XRD, EDX and IR analysis of solid solutions between thaumasite and ettringite. Cem. Concrete Res. 32: 719–730CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Mollah M Y A, Lu F and Cocke D L 1998 An X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopic (FT-IR) characterization of the speciation of arsenic (V) in Portland cement type-V. Sci. Total Environ. 224: 57–68CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Pera J, Husson S and Guilhot B 1999 Influence of finely ground limestone on cement hydration. Cem. Concrete Compos. 21: 99–105CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Kafi M A, Sadeghi-Nik A, Bahari A, Sadeghi-Nik A and Mirshafiei E 2016 Microstructural characterization and mechanical properties of cementitious mortar containing montmorillonite nanoparticles. J. Mater. Civ. Eng. 28: 04016155CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Sadeghi-Nik A, Berenjian J, Bahari A, Safaei A S and Dehestani M 2017 Modification of microstructure and mechanical properties of cement by nanoparticles through a sustainable development approach. Constr. Build. Mater. 155: 880–891CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    Hughes T L, Methven C M, Jones T G, Pelham S E, Fletcher P and Hall C 1995 Determining cement composition by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. Adv. Cem. Based Mater. 2: 91–104CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    Kloprogge J T, Schuiling R D, Ding Z, Hickey L, Wharton D and Frost R L 2002 Vibrational spectroscopic study of syngenite formed during the treatment of liquid manure with sulphuric acid. Vib. Spectrosc. 28: 209–221.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    Trezza M A and Lavat A E 2001 Analysis of the system 3CaO·Al2O3–CaSO4·2H2O–CaCO3–H2O by FT-IR spectroscopy. Cem. Concrete Res. 31: 869–872CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    Yu P, Kirkpatrick R J, Poe B, McMillan P F and Cong X 1999 Structure of calcium silicate hydrate (C-S-H): near-, mid-, and far-infrared spectroscopy. J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 82: 742–748CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    Mollah M Y A, Yu W, Schennach R and Cocke D L 2000 A Fourier transform infrared spectroscopic investigation of the early hydration of Portland cement and the influence of sodium lignosulfonate. Cem. Concrete Res. 30: 267–273CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    Ghosh S N and Handoo S K 1980 Infrared and Raman spectral studies in cement and concrete. Cem. Concrete Res. 10: 771–782CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    Mollah M Y, Kesmez M and Cocke D L 2004 An X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopic (FT-IR) investigation of the long-term effect on the solidification/stabilization (S/S) of arsenic (V) in Portland cement type-V. Sci. Total Environ. 325: 255–262CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. 51.
    Richard T, Mercury L, Poulet F and d’Hendecourt L 2006 Diffuse reflectance infrared Fourier transform spectroscopy as a tool to characterise water in adsorption/confinement situations. J. Colloid Interface Sci. 304: 125–136CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    Ylmén R, Jäglid U, Steenari B M and Panas I 2009 Early hydration and setting of Portland cement monitored by IR, SEM and Vicat techniques. Cem. Concrete Res. 39: 433–439CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. 53.
    Silva D A D, Roman H R and Gleize P J P 2002 Evidences of chemical interaction between EVA and hydrating Portland cement. Cem. Concrete Res. 32: 1383–1390.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. 54.
    Delgado A H, Paroli R M and Beaudoin J J 1996 Comparison of IR techniques for the characterization of construction cement minerals and hydrated products. Appl. Spectrosc. 50: 970–976CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Indian Academy of Sciences 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhysicsUniversity of MazandaranBabolsarIran

Personalised recommendations