Advertisement

Sādhanā

, 44:24 | Cite as

Voltage minimization control of vector controlled interior permanent magnet motor

  • Thakur Sumeet SinghEmail author
  • Amit Kumar Jain
Article
  • 19 Downloads

Abstract

Maximum Torque Per Voltage trajectory has been utilized only during field weakening operation of Interior Permanent Magnet (IPM) motor. In this paper, the voltage minimization control from zero-speed is proposed. Voltage minimization results in maximum torque per voltage control of IPM motor. The control implementation is also simple in comparison to current minimization, as the operation is always along the current-limit locus irrespective of operation in field-weakening. Voltage minimization technique minimizes the core losses whereas current minimization would minimize the copper losses. The mathematical model of IPM motor following voltage minimization is derived and the solution to the 4th order quartic equations is obtained using Ferrari’s method. The solution obtained is utilized to develop a look-up table for vector control of IPM motor. A comparative analysis of voltage minimization and current minimization is established which is supported by simulation results and demonstrated by detailed experimental results.

Keywords

Interior permanent magnet voltage minimization current minimization core loss minimization copper loss minimization maximum torque per voltage field weakening vector control 

References

  1. 1.
    Jahns T M, Kliman G B and Thomas Neumann W 1986 Interior permanent-magnet synchronous motors for adjustable-speed drive. IEEE Trans. Ind. Appl. 22(4): 738–747CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Jahns T M 1987 Flux-weakening regime operation of an interior permanent-magnet synchronous motor drive. IEEE Trans. Ind. Appl. 23(4): 681–689CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Morimoto S, Sanada M and Takeda Y 1994 Wide-speed operation of interior permanent magnet synchronous motors with high-performance current regulator. IEEE Trans. Ind. Appl. 30(4): 920–926CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Nguyen Q K, Petrich M and Roth-Stielow J 2014 Implementation of the MTPA and MTPV control with online parameter identification for a high speed IPMSM used as traction drive. In: Int. Conf. Power Elec. Hiroshima. 318–323Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Consoli A, Scelba G, Scarcella G and Cacciato M 2013 An effective energy-saving scalar control for industrial IPMSM drives. IEEE Trans. Ind. Elec. 60(9): 3658–3669CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Jung S-Y, Hong J and Nam K 2013 Current minimizing torque control of the IPMSM using Ferrari’s method. IEEE Trans. Power Elec. 28(12): 5603–5617CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Bae B-H, Patel N, Schulz S and Sul S-K 2003 New field weakening technique for high saliency interior permanent magnet motor. In: Conf. Ind. Appl., Salt Lake City, UT, USA. 898–905Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Bolognani S, Petrella R, Prearo A and Sgarbossa L 2011 Automatic tracking of MTPA trajectory in IPM motor drives based on AC current injection. IEEE Trans. Ind. Appl. 47 (1): 105–114CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Takahashi I and Noguchi T 1986 A new quick-response and high-efficiency control strategy of an induction motor. IEEE Trans. Ind. Appl. 22(5): 820–827CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Zhong L, Rahman M F, Hu W Y and Lim K W 1997 Analysis of direct torque control in permanent magnet synchronous motor drives. IEEE Trans. Power Elec. 12(3): 528–536CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Rahman M F, Zhong L and Lim K W 1998 A direct torque-controlled interior permanent magnet synchronous motor drive incorporating field weakening. IEEE Trans. Ind. Appl. 34(6): 1246–1253CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Tang L, Zhong L, Rahman M F and Hu Y 2004 A novel direct torque controlled interior permanent magnet synchronous machine drive with low ripple in flux and torque and fixed switching frequency. IEEE Trans Power Elec. 19(2): 346–354CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Haque M E, Limin Zhong and Rahman M F 2003 A sensorless initial rotor position estimation scheme for a direct torque controlled interior permanent magnet synchronous motor drive. IEEE Trans. Power Elec. 18(6): 1376–1383CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Wang B, Guo W, Wang Y and Wang Z 2008 A deadbeat direct torque control of surface permanent magnet synchronous machines using space vector modulation. In: Int. Conf. Electrical Machines and Systems, Wuhan. 1086–1088Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Daghigh A, Sharifian M B B and Farasat M 2010 A modified direct torque control of IPM synchronous machine drive with constant switching frequency and low ripple in torque. In: Conf. Electrical Engineering, Iran. 778–783Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Zhang Y, Zhu J, Xu W and Guo Y 2011 A simple method to reduce torque ripple in direct torque-controlled permanent-magnet synchronous motor by using vectors with variable amplitude and angle. IEEE Trans. Ind. Elec. 58(7): 2848–2859CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Chikh K, Khafallah K, Saad A, Yousfi D and Chaikhy H 2012 A novel fixed-switching-frequency DTC for PMSM drive with low torque and flux ripple based on Sinusoidal Pulse With Modulation and predictive controller. In: Int. Conf. Multimedia Computing and Systems, Tangier. 1069–1075Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Zhang Y, Yang H and Li Z 2013 A simple SVM-based deadbeat direct torque control of induction motor drives. In: Int. Conf. Electrical Machines and Systems, Busan. 2201–2206Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Foo G H B and Zhang X 2016 Constant switching frequency based direct torque control of interior permanent magnet synchronous motors with reduced ripples and fast torque dynamics. IEEE Trans. Power Elec. 31(9): 6485–6493CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Inoue T, Inoue Y, Morimoto S and Sanada M 2015 Mathematical model for MTPA control of permanent-magnet synchronous motor in stator flux linkage synchronous frame. IEEE Trans. Ind. Appl. 51(5): 3620–3628CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Inoue T, Inoue Y, Morimoto S and Sanada M 2016 Maximum torque per ampere control of a direct torque controlled PMSM in a stator flux linkage synchronous frame. IEEE Trans. Ind. Appl. 50(3): 2360–2367CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Ogasawara S and Akagi H 1998 Implementation and position control performance of a position-sensorless IPM motor drive system based on magnetic saliency. IEEE Trans. Ind. Appl. 34(4): 806–812CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Lin C K, Liu T H and Lo C H 2008 Sensorless interior permanent magnet synchronous motor drive system with a wide adjustable speed range. IET Electric Power Appl. 3(2): 133–146CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Chen J L, Liu T H and Chen C L 2010 Design and implementation of a novel high-performance sensorless control system for interior permanent magnet synchronous motors. IET Electric Power Appl. 4(4): 226–240CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Park N C and Kim S H 2014 Simple sensorless algorithm for interior permanent magnet synchronous motors based on high-frequency voltage injection method. IET Electric Power Appl. 8(2): 68–75CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Bolognani S, Tubiana L and Zigliotto M 2003 EKF-based sensorless IPM synchronous motor drive for flux-weakening applications. IEEE Trans. Ind. Appl. 39(3): 768–775CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    De Angelo, Bossio C H, Solsona G R, Garcia J A and Valla M I 2005 Sensorless speed control of permanent-magnet motors with nonsinusoidal EMF waveform. IEE Proceedings - Electric Power Appl. 152(5): 1119–1126CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Al-nabi E, Wu B, Zargari N R and Sood V 2013 Sensorless control of CSC-fed IPM machine for zero- and low-speed operations using pulsating HFI method. IEEE Trans. Ind. Elec. 60(5): 1711–1723CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Xiao D and Rahman M F 2013 Sensorless direct torque and flux controlled IPM synchronous machine fed by matrix converter over a wide speed range. IEEE Trans. Ind. Informatics 9(4): 1855–1867CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Lim M S, Chai S H and Hong J P 2014 Design and iron loss analysis of sensorless-controlled interior permanent magnet synchronous motors with concentrated winding. IET Electric Power Appl. 8(9): 349–356CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Tseng S K, Liu T H and Chen J L Implementation of a sensorless interior permanent magnet synchronous drive based on current deviations of pulse-width modulation switching. IET Electric Power Appl. 9(2): 95–106Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Ekanayake S, Dutta R, Rahman M F and Xiao D 2015 Deep flux weakening control of a segmented interior permanent magnet synchronous motor with maximum torque per voltage control. In: IEEE Conf. Ind. Elec. 004802–004807Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Lin P Y, Lee W T, Chen S W, Hwang J C and Lai Y S 2014 Infinite speed drives control with MTPA and MTPV for interior permanent magnet synchronous motor. In: IEEE Conf. Ind. Elec. 668–674Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Pellegrino G, Armando E and Guglielmi P 2012 Direct-flux vector control of IPM motor drives in the maximum torque per voltage speed range. IEEE Trans. Ind. Elec. 59(10): 3780–3788CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Indian Academy of Sciences 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Electrical EngineeringIndian Institute of Technology DelhiNew DelhiIndia

Personalised recommendations