Resonance

, Volume 16, Issue 1, pp 47–60

Mangroves

The most fragile forest ecosystem
General / Article

Abstract

Mangroves, an exclusive group of plants with remarkable ecological importance, inhabit mostly the zones washed by the back and forth movement of tides. They are disappearing rapidly from their natural habitat due to various reasons. Mangroves create a unique ecological environment that is composed of rich assemblages of species. Economic importance of mangroves is also noteworthy.

Keywords

Mangrove ecosystem salinity halophytic adaptation endangered species. 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Suggested Reading

  1. [1]
    F Blasco, Mangroves, TheWorld Scientist, (Indian Edition of La Recherche), No.49 October, pp.14–25, 1992.Google Scholar
  2. [2]
    D Ghosh and N Prasad, The Emerald Coastguards, Geography And You, Vol.8, No.5–6, pp.44–49, 2008.Google Scholar
  3. [3]
    J R B Alfred, A K Das and A K Sanyal, Ecosystems of India, Zoological Survey of India, Kolkata, 2002.Google Scholar
  4. [4]
    P J Hogarth, The Biology of Mangroves, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1999.Google Scholar
  5. [5]
    K Kathiresan, Biodiversity in Mangrove Ecosystems of India: Status, Challenges and Strategies (Forestry Bulletin 10) from http://www.frienvis.nic.in/Bulletinwork/Bulletin.htm
  6. [6]
    Anonymous, State of Forest Report, Forest Survey of India, Dehradun, 2003.Google Scholar
  7. [7]
    A K Raha, Indian Sunderban: An Overview, Report on Sunderban Biosphere Reserve, West Bengal Forest Department, 2004.Google Scholar
  8. [8]
    A K Das and M K Dev Roy, A General Account of the Mangrove Fauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Zoological Survey of India, Kolkata, 1989.Google Scholar
  9. [9]
    A K Mondal and N C Nandi, Fauna of Sunderban Mangrove Ecosystem, West Bengal, India, Zoological Survey of India, Kolkata, 1989.Google Scholar
  10. [10]
    A G Untawale, Management of Mangroves for Energy Needs, In: An Anthology of Indian Mangroves, Annamalai University, p.54, 1998.Google Scholar
  11. [11]
    R Kumar, Sustainable Utilisation of Mangrove Ecosystem for Local Community Development (Forestry Bulletin 42–50) from http://www.frienvis.nic.in/Bulletinwork/Bulletin.htm
  12. [12]
    K Kathiresan, T S Thangam and M Premanathan, Mangrove Halophytes: Potential Source of Medicines, in MA Khan and IA Ungar (Eds), Biology of Salt Tolerant Plants, pp.361–370, University of Karachi, Karachi, 1995.Google Scholar
  13. [13]
    K Kathiresan, Why AreMangroves Degrading?, Current Science,Vol.83, No.10, pp.1246–1249, 2002.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Indian Academy of Sciences 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Chotonilpur PirtalaBurdwanIndia

Personalised recommendations