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Pramana

, Volume 83, Issue 2, pp 221–230 | Cite as

Generation of high harmonics and attosecond pulses with ultrashort laser pulse filaments and conical waves

  • A COUAIRON
  • A LOTTI
  • D FACCIO
  • P DI TRAPANI
  • D S STEINGRUBE
  • E SCHULZ
  • T BINHAMMER
  • U MORGNER
  • M KOVACEV
  • M B GAARDE
Article

Abstract

Results illustrating the nonlinear dynamics of ultrashort laser pulse filamentation in gases are presented, with particular emphasis on the filament properties useful for developing attosecond light sources. Two aspects of ultrashort pulse filaments are specifically discussed: (i) numerical simulation results on pulse self-compression by filamentation in a gas cell filled with noble gas. Measurements of high harmonics generated by the pulse extracted from the filament allows for the detection of intensity spikes and subcycle pulses generated within the filament. (ii) Simulation results on the spontaneous formation of conical wavepackets during filamentation in gases, which in turn can be used as efficient driving pulses for the generation of high harmonics and isolated attosecond pulses.

Keywords

Femtosecond filamentation high-harmonic generation nonlinear conical waves strong field attosecond science 

PACS Nos

42.65.Ky 42.65.Re 42.25.Bs 42.65.Sf 

Notes

Acknowledgements

AC was supported by the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), the University of Hyderabad, the Indian Society for Atomic and Molecular Physics and the Tata Institute for Fundamental Research. PDT and DF acknowledge financial support from the Consorzio Nazionale Interuniversitario per le Scienze Fisiche della Materia (CNISM), INNESCO project. MBG was supported by the National Science Foundation under grant number PHY-0449235 and by the PULSE Institute at Stanford University. DS, ES, TB, UM and MK acknowledge support from the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft within the Cluster of Excellence QUEST, Centre for Quantum Engineering and Space-Time Research.

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Copyright information

© Indian Academy of Sciences 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • A COUAIRON
    • 1
  • A LOTTI
    • 1
    • 2
  • D FACCIO
    • 3
  • P DI TRAPANI
    • 2
  • D S STEINGRUBE
    • 5
  • E SCHULZ
    • 5
  • T BINHAMMER
    • 5
  • U MORGNER
    • 5
  • M KOVACEV
    • 5
  • M B GAARDE
    • 4
  1. 1.Centre de Physique Théorique, École PolytechniqueCNRSPalaiseauFrance
  2. 2.Department of Physics and MathematicsUniversita dell’InsubriaComoItaly
  3. 3.School of Engineering and Physical Sciences, Scottish Universities Physics AllianceHeriot-Watt UniversityEdinburghUK
  4. 4.Department of Physics and AstronomyLouisiana State UniversityBaton RougeUSA
  5. 5.Leibniz Universität Hannover, Institut für QuantenoptikHannoverGermany

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