Tropical Plant Biology

, Volume 5, Issue 1, pp 140–151 | Cite as

Information Resources for Cassava Research and Breeding

  • Sarah Ayling
  • Morag Ferguson
  • Steve Rounsley
  • Peter Kulakow


Cassava is a globally important food security and industrial crop produced for food, feed, starch and biofuel. Cassava is drought-tolerant and can grow in poor soils. Roots can be stored in the ground for long periods as part of intact growing plants, allowing flexible harvest times for poor farmers in the tropics. In addition, due to cassava’s inherently high starch content, it is a popular source of carbon for industrial purposes and increasingly biofuel. It is, however, relatively low in nutrients and susceptible to several pests and diseases, including attacks from whitefly, mealybug, green mite, cassava mosaic viruses and cassava brown streak viruses. A number of groups worldwide are working to improve cassava by conventional breeding, by molecular marker-aided breeding, and through the use of transgenic approaches. To facilitate the work of these groups, easy access to up-to-date and integrated information resources are essential to enable knowledge sharing and data mining. Here we review the information resources currently available to breeders and researchers and discuss future directions for the cassava community’s data integration and curation.


Database Informatics Manihot esculenta Genome Curation Resource Integration 



African Agricultural Technology Foundation


Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphism


Centre for Agricultural Bioscience International


Center for the Application of Molecular Biology to International Agriculture


Chinese Academy of Tropical Agricultural Sciences


Cassava Brown Streak Disease


Cassava Brown Streak Virus


Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research


Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical


Data Management System


Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute


Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária


Expressed Sequence Tag


EST Information Management Application

ETH Zurich

Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich


Freedom To Operate


Generation Challenge Program


Geospatial Open Source Hosting of Agriculture, Resources and Environmental Data


Geographic Information System


Geneology Management System


International Crop Information System


International Institute of Tropical Agriculture


Intellectual Property


National Agricultural Research Systems


National Center for Biotechnology Information


National Root Crops Research Institute


Public Intellectual Property Resource for Agriculture


Plant Transcription Factor Database


Plant Transcription Factor Database


Plant Metabolic Network


Quantitative Trait Loci


Randomly Amplified Polymorphic DNA


Restriction fragment Length Polymorphism


Rikagaku Kenkyusho (Institute of Physical and Chemical Research Japan)


Shanghai Center for Cassava Biotechnology Chinese Academy of Sciences


System-wide Information Network for Genetic Resources


Single Nucleotide Polymorphism


Sequence-Related Amplified Polymorphism


Simple Sequence Repeat


United States Department of Agriculture


World Health Organization



The authors would like to thank the anonymous reviewers and acknowledge contributions from a number of members of the cassava community for reviewing the white paper draft upon which this review has been based:

Olalekan Akinbo, Luis Augusto Becerra Lopez Lavalle, Luiz Carvalho, Claude Fauquet, Melaku Gedil, Clair Hershey, Glenn Hyman, Andy Jarvis, Joseph Kamau, Pheneas Ntawuruhunga, Motoaki Seki, Peng Zhang


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sarah Ayling
    • 1
  • Morag Ferguson
    • 2
  • Steve Rounsley
    • 3
  • Peter Kulakow
    • 4
    • 5
  1. 1.The Genome Analysis Centre (TGAC), Norwich Research ParkNorwichUK
  2. 2.International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA)c/o International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI)NairobiKenya
  3. 3.Dow AgroscienceIndianapolisUSA
  4. 4.International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA)IbadanNigeria
  5. 5.IITACroydonUK

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