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Tropical Plant Biology

, Volume 5, Issue 1, pp 39–72 | Cite as

Cassava Production and Pest Management: Present and Potential Threats in a Changing Environment

  • Anthony Bellotti
  • Beatriz Vanessa Herrera Campo
  • Glenn Hyman
Article

Abstract

Cassava is attacked by a complex of arthropod pests across the tropical regions of the world where the crop is grown. Root yield losses have been recorded for several pests, including mites, mealybugs, whiteflies, hornworm, lacebugs, thrips and burrower bugs. Agronomic characteristics such as vegetative propagation, a long growth cycle, drought tolerance, staggered planting dates and intercropping contribute to the considerable diversity of pests that feed on the crop. The dynamics of cassava production are evolving as trends in the food, feed and industrial starch sector are leading to an increased demand for high quality starches. The resulting shift to larger scale production units, expansion of cultivated area and modifications in crop management combined with the effects of climate change, especially warmer temperatures and altered rainfall patterns, affect the occurrence and dynamics of arthropod pests in cassava agro ecosystems. Data is presented to describe the effects of temperature and dry seasons on key pest species. Whiteflies, mites and mealybugs register a suitability increase in the same areas in South America: Northeastern Brazil, Northern Argentina, South-Central Bolivia, and Southwest Peru. In Africa increases are projected in Southeast Africa and Madagascar. In Asia, regions with greater projected suitability for these pest species are Coastal India and Southeast Asia. Future trends and important criteria that will influence the severity and management of key pests are discussed.

Keywords

Cassava arthropod pests Mites Mealybugs Whiteflies Hornworms Climate change Bioecology Pest management Pest distribution Weighted overlay 

Abbreviations

BCCR-BCM

Bjerknes Centre for Climate Research-Bergen Climate Model

CBSD

Cassava Brown Streak Disease

CCCMA-CGSM

Canadian Centre for Climate Modelling and Analysis

CGM

Cassava Green Mites

CIAT

International Center for Tropical Agriculture

CMD

Cassava Mosaic Disease

CNFM

Centro Nacional de Pesquisa de Mandioca e Fruticultura (National Cassava & Fruits Research Center)

CNRM

Centre National de Recherches Météorologiques

CORPOICA

Colombian Corporation for Agricultural Research

CSIRO

Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation

EMBRAPA

Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária (Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation)

GFDL

Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory

GISS

Goddard Institute for Space Studies (NASA)

HPR

Host Plant Resistance

IAP- FGOALS

Institute of Atmospheric Physics

IIBC

International Institute of Biological Control

IITA

International Institute for Tropical Agriculture

IPM

Integrated Pest Management

MADR

Ministry of Agricultural and Rural Development

MIROC

Model for Interdisciplinary Research on Climate

MIUB-ECHO-G

Meteorological Institute of the University of Bonn

MPI

Max Planck Institute for Meteorology

MRI

Meteorological Research Institute

NCAR-PCM

National Center for Atmospheric Research-Parallel Climate Model

NIES

National Institute for Environmental Studies

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anthony Bellotti
    • 1
  • Beatriz Vanessa Herrera Campo
    • 1
  • Glenn Hyman
    • 1
  1. 1.International Center for Tropical AgricultureCaliColombia

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