Journal of Genetics

, 98:109 | Cite as

Complete plastid genome of Suriana maritima L. (Surianaceae) and its implications in phylogenetic reconstruction of Fabales

  • Qiang Lai
  • Chengjie Zhu
  • Shiran Gu
  • Tieyao TuEmail author
  • Dianxiang Zhang
Research Note


The present paper reports for the first time the characteristics of the complete plastid genome of Surianaceae (Suriana maritima L.) in the order Fabales. The circular complete plastid genome is 163,747 bp in length with a typical quadripartite organization containing 115 unique genes, of which 80 are protein-coding genes, 31 tRNA genes and four rRNA genes. The plastid genome of S. maritima is characterized by absence of intron in the atpF gene, which has never been reported for any other species of the Fabales. The gene content and their orders in the plastid genome of Surianaceae are similar to the basal lineages of the legume family (Cercidoideae, Detarioideae) and Quillajaceae, supporting a likely common ancestor for the three families. Phylogenetic analysis supported the sister relationship between Surianaceae and Leguminosae, with strongly supported by Bayesian method and moderately supported by likelihood method. The complete plastid genome of Surianaceae could provide potential benefit in resolving the long-standing unresolved interfamily relationships of Fabales when a more comprehensive sampling from Polygalaceae and Leguminosae is available for future studies.


chloroplast genome Leguminosae plastome Polygalaceae Quillajaceae. 



This work was financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (grant 31270266), the Ministry of Science and Technology of China (2013FY111200) and the Strategic Priority Research Programme of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (XDA13020500). Science and Technology Planning Project of Guangdong Province (2019B030316020).


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Copyright information

© Indian Academy of Sciences 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Plant Resources Conservation and Sustainable Utilization, South China Botanical GardenChinese Academy of SciencesGuangzhouPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.University of Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.Shenzhen Academy of Metrology and Quality InspectionShenzhenPeople’s Republic of China

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