Journal of Genetics

, Volume 97, Supplement 1, pp 95–100 | Cite as

Isolation and cross-amplification of the first set of polymorphic microsatellite markers of two high-Andean cushion plants

  • Ian S. Acuña-RodríguezEmail author
  • Nicolas Gouin
  • Leonardo Cifuentes-Lisboa
  • Francisco A. Squeo
Online Resources


In the southern Andes mountains (27–\(39{^{\circ }}\hbox {S}\)) Azorella madreporica and Laretia acaulis, two Apiaceae cushion plant species commonly known as yaretas, conform a well-established altitudinal vegetation belt along the lower Andean zone. These species have been considered as fundamental components of several ecological dynamics within their communities; however, high-mountain ecosystems are increasingly threatened worldwide by natural and anthropogenic pressures and the southern Andes are not the exception. Recognizing that genetic information is crucial for the success of any conservation or restoration initiative in wild populations, we developed and cross-amplified 28 specifically designed microsatellite markers (14 in A. madreporica and 14 in L. acaulis), and also tested the cross amplification of 25 markers from the related species Azorella selago. In a region which is particularly vulnerable to global change trends, this new polymorphic microsatellite loci will be useful in the study of the genetic diversity of these high-mountain cushion plants, which are pivotal in the structuring of their native ecosystems.


cushion plants high-Andes microsatellite markers Azorella madreporica Laretia acaulis 



The authors thank Rasme Hereme and Maria A. Montoya for their valuable laboratory assistance, Dr Celine Born for kindly sharing the A. selago microsatellite library with additional information for optimization and Craig Weideman for checking the language of the manuscript. This study was funded by Compañía Minera Nevada (project: NEVA0606c) and the Institute of Ecology and Biodiversity (IEB) through the projects: P05-002 (Iniciativa Científica Milenio) and PFB 23 (CONICYT, Chile). The Ph.D. scholarship to IA was also funded by Compañía Minera Nevada.


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Copyright information

© Indian Academy of Sciences 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Departamento de Biología, Facultad de CienciasUniversidad de La SerenaLa SerenaChile
  2. 2.Centro de Estudios Avanzados en Zonas Áridas (CEAZA)La SerenaChile
  3. 3.Instituto de Ecología y Biodiversidad (IEB)SantiagoChile
  4. 4.Instituto de Investigación Multidisciplinar en Ciencia y TecnologíaUniversidad de La SerenaLa SerenaChile

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