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Groundwater exploration in limestone–shale–quartzite terrain through 2D electrical resistivity tomography in Tadipatri, Anantapur district, Andhra Pradesh

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Abstract

Two-Dimensional (2D) Electrical Resistivity Tomography (ERT) survey was carried out at 11 sites within an area of 10 km2 to delineate deeper potential groundwater zones in a complex geological terrain underlain by quartzite, shale and limestone formations with varied resistivity characteristics. The area is in medium rainfall zone in Tadipatri mandal of Anantapur district, Andhra Pradesh state, India. The investigation was carried out to meet the growing demands of water supply. Interpretation of the high-density 2D resistivity dataset results revealed potential zones at only three sites in Tummalapenta, Ayyavaripalle and Guruvanipalle villages within the depth zone of 24–124 m. A major fault zone oriented in EW direction is mapped at Tummalapenta site. Based on high resolution geophysical data interpretation and significant anomalies, four boreholes were drilled in complex, viz., limestone, shale and quartzite formations up to a maximum depth of 192 m in the area with the yield ranging from 300 to ~5000 liter per hour (lph). These four anomalous drilled borehole sites corroborates with the aquifer zone delineated through ERT technique. The aquifer parameters estimated from pumping tests show that the transmissivity varies between ~0.3 and 179.5 m2/day while the storage coefficient ranges from 0.137 to 0.5 indicating large variation in aquifer characteristics of the system in a smaller area. Suitable water conservation measures were suggested for improving the groundwater condition and yield of the pumping wells.

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Acknowledgements

Authors are grateful to Dr V M Tiwari, Director, CSIR–National Geophysical Research Institute, Hyderabad, India, for his kind permission and encouragement for carrying out the scientific work for research and development as well as of societal importance and bringing out this research paper. We are thankful to Mr G M Krishna, Unit Head and Mr T V Sreenivasan, Senior Vice President (Mines) of M/s Ultra Tech Cement Limited–APCW, Tadipatri, Andhra Pradesh, India for financially supporting the project study, their cordial help and necessary logistics during the investigations and geophysical survey. We acknowledge the help rendered by Shri M Srinivasulu and Mr K Srinivasa Rao, Geologists for their valuable interactions and discussion on the existing dataset and details about the area during the investigations. First author thanks, Dr S Thiagarajan for drawing and preparing the lithology of the drilled boreholes. The CSIR–NGRI reference number of the manuscript is NGRI/Lib/2018/Pub-31. We are highly benefitted with the comments and suggestions by the anonymous reviewers, which helped immensely to improve the quality of the paper.

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Correspondence to Dewashish Kumar.

Additional information

Communicated by Arkoprovo Biswas

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Kumar, D., Rajesh, K., Mondal, S. et al. Groundwater exploration in limestone–shale–quartzite terrain through 2D electrical resistivity tomography in Tadipatri, Anantapur district, Andhra Pradesh. J Earth Syst Sci 129, 71 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12040-020-1341-0

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Keywords

  • Electrical Resistivity Tomography
  • quartzite
  • shale–limestone formations
  • water scarcity areas