CPO and kinematic analysis of the Bitou S-tectonites (Central Cameroon shear zone): AMS and EBSD investigations

  • B E Bella Nke
  • T NjankoEmail author
  • J Tchakounte


The development of foliation is not always associated with mineral stretching lineation in deformed rocks. Sometimes, S-tectonites only display foliation with no mineral stretching lineation, and it becomes a real challenge to perform kinematic analysis, i.e., to define the XZ section of the ellipsoid. In this study, we present in a portion of the Central Cameroon Shear Zone (CCSZ) (the Bitou biotite gneiss mylonite), the usefulness of anisotropy of magnetic susceptibility (AMS) studies to identify the three principal axes of the AMS ellipsoid (K1 ≤ K2 ≤ K3), equivalents respectively to the principal axes of the strain ellipsoid (X ≤ Y ≤ Z). The K1K3 plane of the AMS ellipsoid is equivalent to the XZ section of the strain ellipsoid. The fabrics developed in the studied mylonitised biotite gneiss strike ENE–WSW to E–W with steep dips for the mylonitic and magnetic foliations and moderate plunges for the magnetic lineation. The rock is paramagnetic. The AMS ellipsoids are mostly of oblate shape, while the quartz c-axis pattern is typical of non-coaxial flow. This implies that deformation partitioning took place during mylonitisation. Quartz crystallographic preferred orientation (CPO) measured using electron backscatter diffraction reveals the activation of prism <a> slip, implying that the mylonitisation occurs under moderate temperature conditions (450°C < T < 550°C). Microstructures observed in the K1K3 section of the AMS ellipsoid and CPO of the quartz c-axis indicate sinistral top-to-SW sense of shear. These results support the shear senses of movement that earlier studies in the CCSZ have emphasised and are assumed to be related to the early syn-D2 and D3 events of the Pan-African tectonic dated at ca. 613–585 Ma.


Mylonites microstructures AMS CPO shear zone Cameroon 



This paper is a part of Ph.D. research works carried out by B E Bella Nké. The first author is grateful to the Organisation for Women in Science for the Developing World (OWSD) and Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida) for the fellowship (Grant No. 3240280840) that enabled her to acquire data (AMS and EBSD) at IIT Kharagpur (India). Special thanks to Niloy Bhowmik for his technical support during the EBSD analysis at the Central Research Facility (CRF, IIT Kharagpur, India).


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Copyright information

© Indian Academy of Sciences 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory of Environmental Geology, Department of Earth SciencesUniversity of DschangDschangCameroon
  2. 2.Department of Earth Sciences, Faculty of SciencesUniversity of MarouaMarouaCameroon
  3. 3.Department of Geology and GeophysicsIndian Institute of Technology KharagpurKharagpurIndia
  4. 4.Ministry of Scientific Research and Innovation, DPSP/CCARYaoundéCameroon
  5. 5.Department of Earth Sciences, Faculty of SciencesUniversity of Yaoundé 1YaoundéCameroon

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