Advertisement

Reappraisal of the ‘early proterozoic gabbro-anorthosite suite’ rocks from the eastern Singhbhum craton, India: Insights from field features, petrography–mineralogy and geochemistry

  • Tushar Mouli Chakraborti
  • Arijit RayEmail author
  • Gautam Kumar Deb
Article
  • 90 Downloads

Abstract

The present study focuses on six mafic–ultramafic units from eastern Indian Singhbhum craton: (i) gabbroic rocks of Galudih, (ii) dolerite from North of Bisoi, (iii) Bangriposi wehrlite (BW), (iv) dolerite from North of Kuliana, (v) Kuliana-layered gabbro (KLG) and (vi) dolerite of Jashipur. These rocks had been grouped earlier as a co-genetic unit titled ‘early proterozoic gabbro-anorthosite suite’. Dolerites of Jashipur, North of Bisoi and North of Kuliana are found as undeformed intrusives into the Mesoarchaean Mayurbhanj granite (MBG) unit and show hydrothermal alteration features and variable LREE enrichment. Multiply-deformed gabbroic rocks of Galudih also intrude the MBGs with similar hydrothermal alteration features and comparatively lower REE abundances. KLG and BW are found as dismembered rocks, emplaced within a multiply-deformed metasedimentary assemblage of Mid-Proterozoic North Singhbhum mobile belt. Through a critical assessment of their field features, petrography, mineralogy and geochemistry, the earlier grouping was found to be invalid. Instead, these rock units should be categorised into three groups: Group I (Galudih), Group II (Jashipur, North of Bisoi, North of Kuliana) and Group III (KLG and BW). Group I rocks are the oldest among them, but their stratigraphic affinity remains unclear. Group II mafic rocks possibly belong to the Proterozoic newer dolerite dykes, whereas Group III represents fragments of oceanic crust and mantle.

Keywords

Mafic–ultramafic rocks Singhbhum Craton petrography geochemistry field features 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors wish to thank the Head of the Department, Department of Geology, Presidency University, Kolkata, for providing infrastructural support. This work was financially supported by the Department of Science & Technology (DST), India (grant no. SR/S4/ES-646/2012). The authors would also like to extend their gratitude to anonymous reviewers, whose suggestions significantly enhanced the quality of this manuscript. The editorial expertise of Rajneesh Bhutani is also greatly appreciated.

References

  1. Acharyya S K K, Gupta A and Orihashi Y 2010 Neoarchean-Paleoproterozoic stratigraphy of the Dhanjori basin, Singhbhum craton, eastern India: And recording of a few U–Pb zircon dates from its basal part; J. Asian Earth Sci. 39 527–536,  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jseaes.2010.04.023.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Auge T, Cocherie A, Genna A, Armstrong R, Guerrot C, Mukherjee M M and Patra R N 2003 Age of the Baula PGE mineralization (Orissa, India) and its implications concerning the Singhbhum Archaean nucleus; Precamb. Res. 121 85–101,  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0301-9268(02)00202-4.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bandyopadhyay P K, Chakrabarti A K, DeoMurari M P and Misra S 2001 2.8 Ga old anorogenic granite-acid volcanics association from western margin of the Singhbhum–Orissa craton, eastern India; Gondwana Res. 4 465–475,  https://doi.org/10.1016/S1342-937X(05)70346-4.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Banerjee P K 1997 Geodynamic implications of chrome-poor enstatite bodies in the Sukinda–Baula–Nuasahi ultramafic suites of Orissa; Proc. Indian Acad. Sci. (Earth Planet. Sci.) 106 357–360.Google Scholar
  5. Banerjee P K and Ghosh S 1994 Is the simplipal complex a product of shallow plume tectonics? J. Geol. Soc. India 43 353–359.Google Scholar
  6. Beccaluva L, Macciotta G, Piccardo G B, Zeda O and Loucks R R 1989 Clinopyroxene composition of ophiolite basalts as petrogenetic indicator; Chem. Geol. 77 165–182,  https://doi.org/10.1130/0091-7613(1990)018<346:DOOFNU>2.3.CO;2.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Bédard J H 1994 A procedure for calculating the equilibrium distribution of trace elements among the minerals of cumulate rocks, and the concentration of trace elements in the coexisting liquids; Chem. Geol. 118 143–153,  https://doi.org/10.1016/0009-2541(94)90173-2.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Bose M K 2009 Precambrian mafic magmatism in the Singhbhum craton, eastern India; J. Geol. Soc. India 73 13–35,  https://doi.org/10.1007/s12594-009-0002-3.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Boynton W V 1984 Cosmochemistry of the rare earth elements: Meteorite studies; Dev. Geochem. 2 63–114,  https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-444-42148-7.50008-3.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Chakraborti T M 2018 Petrology of mafic–ultramafic rocks around Bangriposi and Kuliana, Orissa, eastern India: Implication for paleotectonic setting. PhD Thesis, Presidency University, pp. 1–361.Google Scholar
  11. Chakraborti T M, Ray A and Deb G K 2016 Computation of parent magma compositions of a layered gabbro suite around Kuliana, Orissa, eastern India: Implications for magmatic evolution and paleotectonic setting; J. Geol. 124 723–741,  https://doi.org/10.1086/688607.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Chakraborti T M, Ray A and Deb G K 2017 Crystal size distribution analysis of plagioclase from gabbro-anorthosite suite of Kuliana, Orissa, eastern India: Implications for textural coarsening in a static magma chamber; Geol. J. 52 234–248,  https://doi.org/10.1002/gj.2752.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Chakraborti T M, Ray A and Deb G K 2018 Evidence of melt/rock interaction in the Cr-spinel bearing wehrlite rocks of Bangriposi, India: Implications for nature of the metasomatic agent; Geosci. Front. 9 1213–1227,  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gsf.2017.08.001.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Chakraborti T M, Ray A, Deb G K, Upadhyay D and Chakrabarti R 2019 Evidence of crustal reworking in the Mesoarchean: Insights from geochemical, U–Pb zircon and Nd isotopic study of a 3.08–3.12 Ga ferro-potassic granite-gneiss from north-eastern margin of Singhbhum craton, India; Lithos 330–331 16–34,  https://doi.org/10.1016/J.LITHOS.2019.01.026.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Chakraborty K L and Majumder T 1986 Geological aspects of the banded iron-formation of Bihar and Orissa; J. Geol. Soc. India 28 109–133.Google Scholar
  16. Chatterjee P, De S, Ranaivoson M, Mazumder R and Arima M 2013 A review of the ~1600 Ma sedimentation, volcanism, and tectono-thermal events in the Singhbhum craton, eastern India; Geosci. Front. 4 277–287,  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gsf.2012.11.006.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Cox K G, Bell J D and Pankhurst R J 1979 The interpretation of igneous rocks; Springer, Netherlands, Dordrecht,  https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-017-3373-1.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Dunn J A and Dey A K 1942 Geology and petrology of eastern Singhbhum and surrounding areas; Geol. Surv. India Mem. 69 281–456.Google Scholar
  19. Ghiorso M S and Evans B W 2008 Thermodynamics of rhombohedral oxide solid solutions and a revision of the Fe–Ti two-oxide geothermometer and oxygen-barometer; Am. J. Sci. 308 957–1039,  https://doi.org/10.2475/09.2008.01.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Ghosh D K, Sarkar S N, Saha A K and Ray S L 1996 New insights on the early archaean crustal evolution in eastern India: Re-evaluation of lead–lead, samarium–neodymium and rubidium–strontium geochronology; Indian Miner. 50 175–188.Google Scholar
  21. Goswami J N, Mishra S, Wiedenbeck M, Ray S L and Saha A K 1995 3.55 ga old zircon from Singhbhum–Orissa iron ore craton, eastern India; Curr. Sci.,  https://doi.org/10.2307/24097290.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Hazarika P, Mishra B and Pruseth K L 2015 Diverse tourmaline compositions from orogenic gold deposits in the Hutti–Maski greenstone belt, India: Implications for sources of ore-forming fluids; Econ. Geol. 110 337–353,  https://doi.org/10.2113/econgeo.110.2.337.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Iyengar S V P and Alwar M A 1965 The Dhanjori eugeosyncline and its bearing on the stratigraphy of the Singhbhum, Keonjhar and Mayurbhanj Districts; Min. Met. Inst. India, D N Wadia Commemorative Volume 138–162. Google Scholar
  24. Khanna P P, Saini N K, Mukherjee P K and Purohit K K 2009 An appraisal of ICP-MS technique for determination of REEs: Long term QC assessment of silicate rock analysis; Himal. Geol. 30 95–99.Google Scholar
  25. Kumar A, Parashuramulu V, Shankar R and Besse J 2017 Evidence for a neoarchean LIP in the Singhbhum craton, eastern India: Implications to Vaalbara supercontinent; Precamb. Res. 292 163–174,  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.precamres.2017.01.018.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Luhr J F, Carmichael I S E and Varekamp J C 1984 The 1982 eruptions of El Chichón volcano, Chiapas, Mexico: Mineralogy and petrology of the anhydrite bearing pumices; J. Volcanol. Geotherm. Res. 23 69–108,  https://doi.org/10.1016/0377-0273(84)90057-X.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Maity B K, Ray J, Chattopadhyay B, Sengupta S, Nandy S and Saha A 2008 Contrasting petrological variants in newer dolerite dyke swarm around Bisoi, eastern Indian shield: Insights from petrography and mineral chemistry; In: Indian Dykes: Geochemistry, geophysics and geochronology (eds) Srivastava R K, Sivaji C, Chalapathi Rao N V, Narosa Publishing House Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, pp. 447–470.Google Scholar
  28. Manikyamba C, Ray J, Ganguly S, Singh M R, Santosh M, Saha A and Satyanarayanan M 2015 Boninitic metavolcanic rocks and island arc tholeiites from the older metamorphic group (OMG) of Singhbhum craton, eastern India: Geochemical evidence for archean subduction processes; Precamb. Res. 271 138–159,  https://doi.org/10.1016/J.PRECAMRES.2015.09.028.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Mazumder R, De S, Ohta T, Flannery D, Mallik L, Chaudhury T, Chatterjee P, Ranaivoson M A and Arima M 2015 Palaeo-Mesoproterozoic sedimentation and tectonics of the Singhbhum craton, eastern India, and implications for global and craton-specific geological events; Geol. Soc. London Memoir. 43 139–149,  https://doi.org/10.1144/M43.10.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. McDonough W F and Sun S-S 1995 The composition of the Earth; Chem. Geol. 120 223–253,  https://doi.org/10.1016/0009-2541(94)00140-4.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Mir A R, Alvi S H and Balaram V 2010 Geochemistry of mafic dikes in the Singhbhum Orissa craton: Implications for subduction-related metasomatism of the mantle beneath the eastern Indian craton; Int. Geol. Rev. 52 79–94,  https://doi.org/10.1080/00206810903211948.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Misra S 1999 The Mayurbhanj granite: Its nature, tectonic setting, mode of emplacement and pressure-temperature of magma generation; Indian J. Geol. 71 33–52.Google Scholar
  33. Misra S 2006 Precambrian chronostratigraphic growth of Singhbhum–Orissa craton, eastern Indian shield: An alternative model; J. Geol. Soc. India 67 356–378.Google Scholar
  34. Misra S and Johnson P T 2005 Geochronological constraints on evolution of Singhbhum mobile belt and associated basic volcanics of eastern Indian shield; Gondwana Res. 8 129–142.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Misra S, Deomurari M P, Wiedenbeck M, Goswami J N, Ray S and Saha A K 1999 207Pb/206Pb zircon ages and the evolution of the Singhbhum craton, eastern India: An ion microprobe study; Precamb. Res. 93 139–151,  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0301-9268(98)00085-0.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Misra S, Sarkar S S and Ghosh S 2002 Evolution of Mayurbhanj granite pluton, eastern Singhbhum, India: A case study of petrogenesis of an A-type granite in bimodal association; J. Asian Earth Sci. 20 965–989,  https://doi.org/10.1016/S1367-9120(02)00002-0.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Mondal S K, Ripley E M, Li C and Frei R 2006 The genesis of archaean chromitites from the Nuasahi and Sukinda massifs in the Singhbhum craton, India; Precamb. Res. 148 45–66,  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.precamres.2006.04.001.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Mondal S K, Frei R and Ripley E M 2007 Os isotope systematics of mesoarchean chromitite–PGE deposits in the Singhbhum craton (India): Implications for the evolution of lithospheric mantle Sisir; Chem. Geol. 244 391–408,  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemgeo.2007.06.025.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Mukhopadhyay J, Beukes N J, Armstrong R A, Zimmermann U, Ghosh G and Medda R A 2008 Dating the oldest greenstone in India: A 3.51-Ga precise U–Pb SHRIMP zircon age for dacitic lava of the southern iron ore group, Singhbhum craton; J. Geol. 116 449–461,  https://doi.org/10.1086/590133.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Naha K 1965 Metamorphism in relation to stratigraphy, structure and movement in Singhbhum, East India; Quart. J. Geol. Mineral. Metall. Soc. India 37 41–85.Google Scholar
  41. Nimis P and Ulmer P 1998 Clinopyroxene geobarometry of magmatic rocks part 1: An expanded structural geobarometer for anhydrous and hydrous, basic and ultrabasic systems; Contrib. Mineral. Petrol. 133 122–135,  https://doi.org/10.1007/s004100050442.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Nisbet E G and Pearce J A 1977 Clinopyroxene composition in mafic lavas from different tectonic settings; Contrib. Mineral. Petrol. 63 149–160,  https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00398776.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Page N J, Banerji P and Haffty J 1985 Characterization of the Sukinda and Nuasahi ultramafic complexes, Orissa, India by platinum-group element geochemistry; Precamb. Res. 30 27–41,  https://doi.org/10.1016/0301-9268(85)90027-0.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Pandey B K, Gupta J N and Lall Y 1986 Whole rock and Rb–Sr isochron ages for the granites from Bihar mica belt of Hazaribagh, Bihar, India; Indian J. Earth Sci. 12 157–162.Google Scholar
  45. Prabhakar N, Bhattacharya A, Sathyanarayanan M and Mukherjee P K 2014 Structural, petrological, and chronological constraints from eastern India and implications for the ~1.0 Ga assembly of greater India; J. Geol. 122 411–432,  https://doi.org/10.1086/676459.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Rudnick R L and Gao S 2003 Composition of the continental crust; Treatise Geochem. 3 1–64,  https://doi.org/10.1016/B0-08-043751-6/03016-4.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Saha A K 1994 Crustal evolution of Singhbhum–North Orissa, eastern India, memoir 27; Geological Society of India, Bangalore.Google Scholar
  48. Saha A K, Bose R, Ghosh S N and Roy A 1977 Petrology and emplacement of the Mayurbhanj granite Batholiths, eastern India; In: Evolution of the orogenic belts of India (part-2), Geol. Min. Met. Soc. India Bull. 49 1–34. Google Scholar
  49. Sarkar S N and Saha A K 1962 A revision of Precambrian stratigraphy and tectonics of Singhbhum and adjacent region; Quart. J. Geol. Mineral. Metall. Soc. India 34 97–136.Google Scholar
  50. Sarkar S N and Saha A K 1963 On the occurrence of two intersecting Precambrian orogenic belts in Singhbhum and adjacent areas; Geol. Mag. 100 69–92. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Sengupta P and Ray A 2012 Newer dolerite dykes, Jharkhand, India: A case study of magma generation, differentiation and metasomatism in a subduction zone setting; Geochem. J. 46 477–491,  https://doi.org/10.2343/geochemj.1.0174.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Sengupta S, Paul D K, de Laeter J R, McNaughton N J, Bandopadhyay P K and de Smeth J B 1991 Mid-Archaean evolution of the eastern Indian craton: Geochemical and isotopic evidence from the Bonai pluton; Precamb. Res. 49 23–37,  https://doi.org/10.1016/0301-9268(91)90054-E.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Sengupta P, Ray A and Pramanik S 2014 Mineralogical and chemical characteristics of newer dolerite dyke around Keonjhar, Orissa: Implication for hydrothermal activity in subduction zone setting; J. Earth Syst. Sci. 123 887–904,  https://doi.org/10.1007/s12040-014-0440-1.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Shankar R, Vijayagopal B and Kumar A 2014 Precise Pb–Pb baddeleyite ages of 1765 ma for a Singhbhum ‘newer dolerite’ dyke swarm; Curr. Sci. 106 1306–1310.Google Scholar
  55. Singh M R, Manikyamba C, Ray J, Ganguly S, Saha A, Rambabu S and Sawant S S 2016 Major, trace and platinum group element (PGE) geochemistry of archean iron ore group and proterozoic malangtoli metavolcanic rocks of Singhbhum craton, eastern India: Inferences on mantle melting and sulphur saturation history; Ore Geol. Rev. 72 1263–1289,  https://doi.org/10.1016/J.OREGEOREV.2015.04.024.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Sun S-S and McDonough W F 1989 Chemical and isotopic systematics of oceanic basalts: Implications for mantle composition and processes; Geol. Soc. London, Spec. Publ. 42 313–345,  https://doi.org/10.1144/GSL.SP.1989.042.01.19.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Upadhyay D, Chattopadhyay S, Kooijman E, Mezger K and Berndt J 2014 Magmatic and metamorphic history of Paleoarchean tonalite–trondhjemite–granodiorite (TTG) suite from the Singhbhum craton, eastern India; Precamb. Res. 252 180–190,  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.precamres.2014.07.011.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Vohra C P, Dasgupta S, Paul P K, Bishui P K, Gupta S N and Guha S 1991 Rb–Sr chronology and petrochemistry of granitoids from the south-eastern part of the Singhbhum craton, Orissa; J. Geol. Soc. India 38 5–22.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Indian Academy of Sciences 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tushar Mouli Chakraborti
    • 1
  • Arijit Ray
    • 1
    Email author
  • Gautam Kumar Deb
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of GeologyPresidency UniversityKolkataIndia

Personalised recommendations