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GIS-based prediction of groundwater fluoride contamination zones in Telangana, India

  • S Kiran Kumar Reddy
  • Dinesh Kumar Sahadevan
  • Harish GuptaEmail author
  • Dontireddy Venkat Reddy
Article
  • 288 Downloads

Abstract

Groundwater is the only perennial water resource available to rural communities, especially in semi-arid regions. This study aims to provide an overview of fluoride-contaminated groundwater in the Telangana, India, by predicting potentially affected areas. The prevalence of endemic fluorosis in different parts of Telangana has been widely reported. Therefore, it is necessary to demarcate the fluoride-affected areas to adopt the remedial measures. In this context, the available information on related environmental variables such as geological settings, hydro-morphological inputs, climatic information and soil properties have been integrated as thematic layers in an ArcGIS environment. The thematic layers and their features were assigned with suitable weights, which were normalised using the analytic hierarchy process to obtain final ranks and the weighted overlay analysis method was carried out to delineate the potential fluoride contamination (PFC) zones. The entire state was classified into four broad categories, i.e., very high (17.6%), high (15.8%), medium (32.7%) and low (33.9%), in terms of groundwater fluoride enrichment. A comparison of the output map and the reported data indicates that the PFC zone model could explain 68.7% of fluoride variation. This study is the first such attempt to offer a regional-scale PFC zone for an entire state and offers a first-hand insight into the severity of fluoride contamination.

Keywords

Geographic information system AHP technique contamination fluoride groundwater India 

Notes

Acknowledgements

KKR is grateful to the DST-Inspire Fellowship Program, India, for providing financial support (IF150795). HG thanks UGC for the faculty position under the Faculty Recharge Programme. The authors would also like to thank the director, CSIR–National Geophysical Research Institute. The accessible database online on the portals of Central Ground Water Board, Survey of India, NRSC–Bhuvan, Geological Survey of India and WRIS India, were greatly helpful in carrying out this study. We are grateful to AE Subimal Ghosh and the anonymous reviewers for their thoughtful reviews and comments on the original manuscript.

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Copyright information

© Indian Academy of Sciences 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.CSIR–National Geophysical Research InstituteHyderabadIndia
  2. 2.Osmania UniversityHyderabadIndia

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