Advertisement

Possible seismo-ionospheric precursor of the 12 February 2014 Yutian earthquake in China

  • Jian YangEmail author
  • Yiyan Zhou
  • Jian Lin
  • Fanfan Su
  • Wenbin Shen
Article
  • 49 Downloads

Abstract

On 12 February 2014, a major earthquake occurred near the Yutian County, China. In this paper, the ionospheric variations around the time of this earthquake were analysed on the basis of the global positioning system vertical total electron contents (VTEC) and computerised ionospheric tomography (CIT) electron density distributions. Three ionospheric anomalies on 2, 17 and 19 February were detected with the global VTEC data from Center for Orbit Determination in Europe before and after the earthquake. Based on the analysis of the geomagnetic indices, we think the anomalies on 17 and 19 February could be related to the geomagnetic disturbances. Through further investigations on the temporal and spatial characteristics of the anomaly on 2 February, we draw the conclusion that the pre-earthquake ionospheric anomaly is probably the seismo-ionospheric precursor of the Yutian earthquake. In addition, the CIT results of the anomaly on 2 February were used to study the vertical distribution of this anomaly. The results showed that the ionospheric anomaly was mainly concentrated at the heights between 200 and 400 km.

Keywords

Ionospheric anomaly earthquake total electron content computerised ionospheric tomography 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We would like to thank CODE and CMONOC, respectively, for providing GIM data and local GPS observational data. We are also grateful to the NOAA National Geophysical Data Center and WDC for Geomagnetism, Tokyo for providing geomagnetic indices. This research was supported by the Special Foundation from China Earthquake Administration (grant no. IS201506219).

References

  1. Alizadeh M M, Schuh H, Todorova S and Schmidt M 2011 Global ionosphere maps of VTEC from GNSS, satellite altimetry and formosat-3/COSMIC data; J. Geodesy 85 975–987.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Austen J R, Franke S J and Liu C H 1988 Ionospheric imaging using computerized tomography; Radio Sci. 23 299–307.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Carter B A, Kellerman A C, Kane T A, Dyson P L, Norman R and Zhang K 2013 Ionospheric precursors to large earthquakes: A case study of the 2011 Japanese Tohoku Earthquake; J. Atmos. Sol. Terr. Phys. 102 290–297.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Choi B K, Park J U and Chung J K 2006 Ionospheric tomography using a regional GPS network over South Korea; J. Glob. Positioning Syst. 5 47–51.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Choi B K, Part J U and Lee S J 2012 Ionospheric anomalies observed over South Korea preceding the Great Tohoku earthquake of 2011; Adv. Space Res. 50 311–317.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Davies K and Baker D M 1965 Ionospheric effects observed around the time of Alaska earthquake of March 28, 1964; J. Geophys. Res. 70 2251–2253.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Dobrovolsky I P, Zubkov S I and Miachkin V I 1979 Estimation of the size of earthquake preparation zones; Pure Appl. Geophys. 117 1025–1044.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Freund F 2000 Time-resolved study of charge generation and propagation in igneous rocks; J. Geophys. Res. 105 11,001–11,019.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Harrison R G, Aplin K L and Rycroft M J 2010 Atmospheric electricity coupling between earthquake regions and the ionosphere; J. Atmos. Sol. Terr. Phys. 72 376–381.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Heki K 2006 Explosion energy of the 2004 eruption of the Asama volcano, central Japan, inferred from ionospheric disturbances; Geophys. Res. Lett. 33 L1 4303.Google Scholar
  11. Heki K and Enomoto Y 2013 Preseismic ionospheric electron enhancements revisited; J. Geophys. Res. Space Phys. 118 6618–6626.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Jhuang H K, Ho Y Y, Kakinami Y, Liu J Y, Oyama K I, Parrot M, Hattori K, Nishihashi M and Zhang D 2010 Seismo-ionospheric anomalies of the GPS-TEC appear before the 12 May 2008 magnitude 8.0 Wenchuan earthquake; Int. J. Remote Sens. 31 3579–3587.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Le H, Liu L, Liu J Y, Zhao B, Chen Y and Wan W 2013 The ionospheric anomalies prior to the M 9.0 Tohoku-Oki earthquake; J. Asian Earth Sci. 62 476–484.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Li M and Parrot M 2013 Statistical analysis of an ionospheric parameter as a base for earthquake predition; J. Geophys. Res. Space Phys. 118 3731–3739.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Li Q, Nin B Q, Zhao B Q, Ding F, Zhang R, Shi H B, Yue H J, Li G Z, Li J Y and Han Y F 2012 Applications of the CMONOC based GNSS data in monitoring and investigation of ionospheric space weather; Chin. J. Geophys. 55 2193–2202.Google Scholar
  16. Liu J Y, Chen Y I, Pulinets S A, Tsai Y B and Chuo Y J 2000 Seismo-ionospheric signatures prior to \(M\ge 6.0\) Taiwan earthquakes; Geophys. Res. Lett. 27 3113–3116.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Mannucci A J, Wilson B D, Yuan D N, Ho C H, Lindqwister U J and Runge T F 1998 A global mapping technique for GPS-derived ionospheric total electron content measurements; Radio Sci. 33 565–582.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Pulinets S A 1998 Seismic activity as a source of the ionospheric variability; Adv. Space Res. 22 903–906.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Pulinets S A and Legen’ka A D 2003 Spatial-temporal characteristics of large scale disturbances of electron density observed in the ionospheric F-region before strong earthquakes; Cosmic Res. 41 221–229.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Pulinets S A, Legen’ka A D, Gaivoronskaya T V and Depuev V K 2003 Main phenomenological features of ionospheric precursors of strong earthquakes; J. Atmos. Sol. Terr. Phys. 65 1337–1347.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Pulinets S A, Kotsarenko A N, Ciraolo L and Pulinets I A 2007 Special case of ionospheric day-to-day variability associated with earthquake preparation; Adv. Space Res. 39 970–977.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Qin S Q, Xue L, Li P and Li G L 2014 A review of prospective prediction for the Yutian 7.3 earthquake in Xinjiang province and an analysis on future earthquake situation; Chin. J. Geophys. 57 679–684.Google Scholar
  23. Raymund T D, Austen J R, Franke S J, Liu C H, Klobuchar J A and Stalker J 1990 Application of computerized tomography to the investigation of ionospheric structures; Radio Sci. 25 771–789.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Ruzhin Y Y, Larkina V I and Depueva A K 1998 Earthquake precursors in magnetically conjugated ionosphere regions; Adv. Space Res. 21 525–528.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Singh O P, Chauhan V, Singh V and Singh B 2009 Anomalous variation in total electron content (TEC) associated with earthquakes in India during September 2006–November 2007; Phys. Chem. Earth 34 479–484.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Takeuchi A, Nagahama H and Hashimoto T 2004 Surface electrification of rocks and charge trapping centers; Phys. Chem. Earth 29 359–366.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Taranenko Y N, Inan U S and Bell T F 1993 The interaction with the lower ionosphere of electromagnetic pulses from lightning: Excitation of optical emissions; Geophys. Res. Lett. 20 2675–2678.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Wen D and Liu S 2010 A new ionospheric tomographic algorithm-constrained multiplicative algebraic reconstruction technique (CMART); J. Earth Syst. Sci. 119 489–496.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Wen D, Yuan Y and Ou J 2007 Monitoring the three-dimensional ionospheric electron density distribution using GPS observation over China; J. Earth Syst. Sci. 116 235–244.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Xiao Z, Xiao S, Hao Y and Zhang D 2007 Morphological features of ionospheric response to typhoon; J. Geophys. Res. 112 A04304.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Xu T, Hu Y, Wu J, Wu Z, Suo Y and Feng J 2010 Giant disturbance in the ionospheric F2 region prior to the M8.0 Wenchuan earthquake on 12 May 2008; Ann. Geophys. 28 1533–1538.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Yeh K C and Raymund T D 1991 Limitations of ionospheric imaging by tomography; Radio Sci. 26 1361–1380.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Yoshida S and Ogawa T 2004 Electromagnetic emissions from dry and wet granite associated with acoustic emissions; J. Geophys. Res. 109 B09204.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Zhang Z G, Zhang W, Sun Y C, Zhu G S, Wen J and Chen X F 2014 Preliminary simulation of strong ground motion for Yutian, Xinjiang earthquake of 12 February 2014, and hazard implication; Chin. J. Geophys. 57 685–689.Google Scholar
  35. Zhou Y, Wu Y, Qiao X and Zhang X 2009 Ionospheric anomalies detected by ground-based GPS before the Mw 7.9 Wenchuan earthquake of May 12, 2008, China; J. Atmos. Sol. Terr. Phys. 71 959–966.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Zhu F, Wu Y, Zhou Y and Gao Y 2013 Temporal and spatial distribution of GPS-TEC anomalies prior to the strong eartqhuakes; Astrophys. Space Sci. 345 239–246.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Zhu F, Zhou Y, Lin J and Su F 2014 A statistical study on the temporal distribution of ionospheric TEC anomalies prior to M 7.0+ earthquakes during 2003–2012; 350 449–457.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Indian Academy of Sciences 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jian Yang
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    Email author
  • Yiyan Zhou
    • 2
    • 3
  • Jian Lin
    • 2
    • 3
  • Fanfan Su
    • 2
    • 3
  • Wenbin Shen
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Geodesy and GeomaticsWuhan UniversityWuhanChina
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Earthquake Geodesy, Institute of SeismologyChina Earthquake AdministrationWuhanChina
  3. 3.Wuhan Base of Crustal DynamicsChina Earthquake AdministrationWuhanChina

Personalised recommendations