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Simulation of the fate and transport of boron nanoparticles in two-dimensional saturated porous media

  • Chunmei Bai
  • Baisha Weng
  • Huan Sheng Lai
Article
  • 15 Downloads

Abstract

The wide production and application of engineered nanomaterials (ENMS) inevitably lead to their release in the groundwater environment. However, the release and transport of boron nanoparticles in the multi-dimensional subsurface remain largely unknown. In this work, a multi-dimensional numerical simulator for the transport of boron nanoparticles in the saturated porous media was first developed and validated. Hypothetical scenarios for the release of boron nanoparticles into a layered two-dimensional (2D) and heterogeneous 2D saturated porous media were then explored, and compared with the fullerene nanoparticles. The results demonstrated that the soil heterogeneity influenced the fate of nanoparticles, with high permeable layers and high aqueous-phase concentration. Besides, the boron nanoparticles tend to accumulate at the inlet zones, where it was closer to a nanoparticles source. Different layers of interface interaction also impact the concentration of nanoparticles. In general, the mobility and aqueous-phase concentration of fullerene nanoparticles were higher than those of the boron nanoparticles. In addition, the mobility of boron nanoparticles was found to be sensitive to release concentration, soil porosity and nanoparticle aggregate size.

Keywords

Boron nanoparticles fullerene nanoparticles mobility subsurface heterogeneity 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors thank Dr Yusong Li at University of Nebraska-Lincoln for his helpful suggestions and discussions. This research was supported by the Project of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (51705078), Fuzhou University Research Funding Project (XRC-1546) and Fujian Provincial Department of Education Fund Project (JAT160050).

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Copyright information

© Indian Academy of Sciences 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Shenzhen Institutes of Advanced TechnologyChinese Academy of SciencesShenzhenPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Shenzhen Audaque Data Technology Co. Ltd.ShenzhenPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.State Key Laboratory of Simulation and Regulation of Water Cycle in River BasinChina Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower ResearchBeijingPeople’s Republic of China
  4. 4.College of Chemical EngineeringFuzhou UniversityFuzhouPeople’s Republic of China

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