Detection and delineation of coal mine fire in Jharia coal field, India using geophysical approach: A case study

  • Rakesh Kumar Mishra
  • P N S RoyEmail author
  • Virendra Kumar Singh
  • Jai Krishna Pandey


Coal mine fire is a serious problem in Jharia coal field, India. The coal mine fire can be detected with different techniques such as borehole temperature measurement, thermo-compositional analysis, remote sensing techniques, thermo-graphic measurement and geophysical methods. In this study, various geophysical methods were used to detect the surface and subsurface coal mine fires. Geophysical techniques used in the present study are apparent resistivity, self-potential (SP), magnetic method and thermography. Geophysical anomalies such as low SP value of \(-60\hbox { mV}\), high negative magnetic response and low apparent resistivity value helped us to detect and delineate the fire and non-fire areas laterally as well as depthwise. Furthermore, the thermography survey was carried out in the coal field using thermal imaging camera in order to substantiate the geophysical methods. This integrated approach was found to be more advantageous for the detection and delineation of surface and subsurface fire with respect to use of any specific techniques. Moreover, the level of threat towards the locality, national railway line was also assessed unambiguously using the above techniques. Hence, proper planning and implementation towards the mitigation of hazard can be achieved on the basis of the reported results.


Geophysical thermography resistivity meter self-potential (SP) magnetometer thermal imaging camera 



Authors acknowledge Suman Konar, Jayanta Ghosh and Sukdev Das, MSc (Tech) undergraduate ISM students for the necessary help. The authors are grateful to the Director IIT (ISM), Dhanbad and the CSIR-Central Institute of Mining and Fuel Research Barwa Road, Dhanbad for their kind support in conducting the study. Authors would like to acknowledge anonymous reviewers and the Editor for reviewing the paper for substantial improvement.


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Copyright information

© Indian Academy of Sciences 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rakesh Kumar Mishra
    • 1
  • P N S Roy
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
    Email author
  • Virendra Kumar Singh
    • 1
  • Jai Krishna Pandey
    • 1
  1. 1.CSIR-Central Institute of Mining and Fuel Research (CIMFR)DhanbadIndia
  2. 2.Department of Applied GeophysicsIndian Institute of Technology (ISM)DhanbadIndia
  3. 3.The Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical PhysicsTriesteItaly
  4. 4.Department of Geology and GeophysicsIndian Institute of TechnologyKharagpurIndia

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